1. Description of major national events
Elections for President and Congress took place in Peru in 2011. After a first election round, since no candidate received more than half of all valid votes, a second round was necessary to determine that the winner would be former army officer and apparently center left-wing politician Ollanta Humala. His presidential mandate, along with that of 130 congressmen and congresswomen, was inaugurated on July 28th. By all accounts, the electoral process was fair and clean, with all the parties accepting the results.
Mr. Humala campaigned as a center-left leader with the desire to help creating a more equitable society seeking to achieve a better distribution of the wealth from the country's key natural resources, with the goal of reducing poverty while maintaining foreign investment and economic growth in the country.
In August, the National Congress approved the creation of the Ministry of Development and Social Inclusion, responsible for social policies and coordination of social programmes (some were previously in other ministries) focusing on the poor. The new portfolio is in charge of the main social programmes of President Humala’s electoral campaign and roadmap, such as Juntos, Pension 65 and Cuna Mas and will prioritize the poorest 800 districts of the country.
The Peruvian economy in 2011, as in previous years, continued to show positive indicators, with an estimated GDP growth of around 7%. Net international reserves are nearly US$ 50 billion and the national average poverty levels reached 31.3% of the total population, reducing the poverty rate by 3.5 points in a year. Despite initial uncertainty around the new government, foreign investment is still strong and the overall macroeconomic outlook is favourable. Challenges to governability are posed by an increasing number of social conflicts related to the management of natural resources, as well as a fragile political system with seemingly weak and unstable political alliances and a lack of strong political parties. The conflict in Cajamarca around the gold and copper “Conga” mining project (the largest mining investment project in Peruvian history) is a clear example of these challenges and reveals a rupture between the interests of the national government and those of regional authorities with local constituencies, which were previously allies. Conga provoked a ministerial crisis that resulted in the change of eleven out of seventeen Ministers, including the Prime Minister, in December 2011.
In September, Peru’s new Congress unanimously approved the Law of Prior Consultation with Indigenous Peoples, which makes it mandatory to seek Indigenous Peoples’ consent before development projects (like digging mines, drilling for oil or building dams) are allowed to go ahead on their ancestral lands. Indigenous Peoples must also be consulted before Congress can approve any proposed law that could affect their rights. The UN system has been providing technical support to the Ministry of Culture, in charge of drafting relevant regulations for the law’s implementation.
Summary on progress towards UNDAF outcomes
2. Highlights on progress towards UNDAF outcomes
The new UN Development Assistance Framework 2012-2016 was signed with the Government of Peru on June 24, 2011. It was subscribed by 14 resident agencies (UNESCO, UNFPA, UNAIDS, UNLIREC, UNOPS, ICAO, PAHO/WHO, UNICEF, UNODC, ILO, UNDP, FAO, WFP and UNIC) and four non-resident agencies (UNIDO, UNEP, UN Women and OHCHR). The UNDAF process started with the drawing of a joint programming roadmap that anticipated a joint Country Development assessment, an Appraisal on the Comparative Advantages of the UN System in Peru, and a Strategic Prioritization exercise, among other actions. It is worth to mention that, for the first time in Peru, 4 UN Agencies are aligned to the UNDAF cycle: WFP, UNICEF, UNDP and UNFPA.
In order to ensure an adequate ownership on behalf of the Government and other development partners in the country, the UN System in close coordination with the Peruvian Agency of International Cooperation (APCI), established a participatory mechanism that effectively summoned representatives from the governmental sectors, Civil Society organizations, the donors, the political parties and the private sector, around a common objective: to reach a consensus on the main national development gaps, thus identifying the priority areas in which the UNDAF would focus in the next five years.
Five strategic areas of cooperation were set by the UN System, the Peruvian government and other development partners: (i) Inclusive economic development and decent work; (ii) Democratic governance; (iii) Social protection and access to social services; (iv) Environment, climate change and risk management; and (v) Cultural heritage.
The new UNDAF for Peru applies the five programming principles—Human rights-based approach, gender equality, environmental sustainability, results-based management and capacity development—and is oriented at bridging the prevailing gaps and reducing inequities, as well as at strengthening the capacities of the public sector (national and regional) and the Civil Society, in their role as development actors. To attain this, over 465 million dollars will be required, of which USD 206 million are still to be mobilized by the UN System and the national counterparts. The UNDAF supervision, monitoring and evaluation will be carried out through a joint effort with the Peruvian Government.
The UNDAF 2012-2016 was presented to the transition team appointed by the elected government in July 2011 with great success. As a result, a document with policy recommendations based on the UNDAF was requested to the UN System by the incoming authorities –a significant proportion of the said recommendations were mentioned by the Prime Minister on his speech to Congress in the initial months of the Humala administration.
As for the UNDAF 2006-2010/11, important progress was made toward the achievement of UNDAF outcomes as can be noted below:
UNDAF cooperation area 1: The fight against poverty, chronic malnutrition and anaemia, and maternal and infant mortality was positioned as a priority in the public agenda; and benchmarks and oversight mechanisms were established. Government capacities at the three levels for results oriented planning and budgeting were strengthened. Access of poor population to public services increased in the rural areas.
UNDAF cooperation area 2: Public policies on employment, youth employment and food security were formulated and implemented with technical support from the UN System; support was also provided to drafting of laws and regulations on decent work, prior consultation, forced work, worst forms of child labour, among others. Small producers of selected rural areas improved their productive capacities with technical assistance and accompaniment and financial support provided by the UN System. Support programs to micro and small enterprises increased in number, and projects related to the private sector and corporate social responsibility improved.
UNDAF cooperation area 3: The UN System provided technical assistance to the modernization of public management in several ministries and public entities, including the national and regional governments and the decentralization process. Support was also provided to the electoral process and to the strengthening of administration of justice and the judiciary in general, as well as to the fight against corruption. In addition, the UN System supported human rights mechanisms, including the Reparations Council and the Memory Site (both emanated from the report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission). Moreover, efforts were made to increase conflict prevention and resolution capacities, with support to the Prime Minister Office among other actions. Dialogue and democratic participatory instances were fostered with continued support to the National Agreement and the Mesa de Concertación de Lucha contra la Pobreza.
2.1. HIV/ AIDS: The Joint UN Team on HIV/Aids is chaired by the UNAIDS Country Coordinator and consists of agencies´ HIV focal points. Additionally, UN women and IOM are participating in the meetings. The Joint Team meets on a regular basis (monthly) and has formulated a Joint Programme in 2008-2009, which has been revised in 2010. The Programme 2010-2011 has three thematic areas: (1) strategic planning, governance and human rights; (2) Intensifying prevention, treatment, care and support; and (3) Strategic information, monitoring and evaluation. Out of the 19 activities proposed in the Joint Programme, 18 have been implemented or are under implementation with a total funding of USD 579,130. At the end of 2011 an evaluation of the Joint Programme was carried out, and a new programme is under development, timeframe 2012-2016.
UNAIDS, UNESCO and UNFPA implemented a project to promote the fight against HIV/AIDS related stigma and discrimination, throughout a peer education methodology (developed by UNESCO) in order to carry out awareness-raising activities. The project concluded with the drafting of a systematization document and a workshop where good practices and lessons learned were presented.
Regarding the national response, the UN system has supported the National Coordination Mechanism in establishing a monitoring instrument –Dashboard-, which has increased the capacity of the local CCM to monitor the ongoing Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) grants. The CCM counts also with new norms for avoiding conflicts of interest and has succeeded in removing sub-recipients from the institution. The change of Government has affected the CCM, which during the second half of the year has not met regularly.
The formulation of a new national strategic plan has been delayed due to the change of Government. A new roadmap has been presented only recently and it is expected that the strategic plan be presented latest in July 2012.
With regards to the use of strategic information, the process of estimates and projections 2011 was completed, showing an estimated 66,000 cases of HIV in Peru by 2010 and 20,000 people in need of treatment. Also, an analysis about the expansion of the epidemic in men and women has been carried out using the methodology of triangulation, and the National Bureau of Epidemiology (MoH) began a study to determine the effect of Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART) on the epidemic curve of Lima and Callao on the basis of triangulation, with technical assistance from PAHO and UNAIDS.
To reinforce the national HIV M&E system, UNICEF supported the National Strategy for Sexual and Reproductive Health in improving of quality and coverage of information on the diagnosis of AIDS and syphilis in six prioritized regions. Also, regarding to the production of strategic information for decision making, the National Aids Spending Assessment 2008-2010 has been completed, as well as an assessment of the contribution of civil society to the national HIV response. Also, at the end of this report, two additional studies on gender issues were being finalized (ie. sexual networks and the vulnerability of HIV + women and a study on sexual and reproductive health of PLH).
Technical assistance has been provided to the Government counterparts. UNAIDS, with support from PAHO, was invited to be a member of the monitoring committee to study the epidemiological surveillance for MSM, which was completed in December 2011. Some of the most interesting findings of this study are the emergence of an epidemic of syphilis among MSM and transgender, as well as the increase in new HIV cases in the younger sector of the MSM, which points out the need for reformulate and strengthen the national strategy of prevention for this population. The joint team has also provided technical support to the National Institute of Health in consultations on the National Research Agenda on HIV.
In relation to the prevention of mother to child transmission, 75% of pregnant women who received prenatal care in health services had access to screening and rapid tests. An agreement with Cayetano Heredia University was signed and the health staffs of 12 regions were trained. Moreover, UNICEF supported the Ministry of Health in the acquisition of 400,000 tests for the diagnosis of syphilis. UNICEF also supported the Ministry of Health in the acquisition of the six most important antiretroviral drugs for children. In addition, the social programmes of the Ministry of Women and Vulnerable Groups were adapted to the needs of children and families living with and affected by HIV and AIDS.
With the support of UNDP, the Ombudsman Office published a Report that showed the results of the second assessment on services provided by public health institutions, regarding HIV/AIDS prevention, health care and treatment. The report followed-up on previous recommendations, identified main bottlenecks and made new recommendations in order to ensure that an important sector of society, particularly key populations, exercises its right to a comprehensive health care. This Report was simultaneously launched in 7 regions.
2.2. Food Security and Nutrition: With assistance from FAO and in the frame of the Initiative for Latin America and the Caribbean Without Hunger (IALCSH), the Peruvian Government formulated a proposal of a National Nutrition and Food Security Plan, and a Nutrition and Food Security Bill. These legal pieces were drafted by a multisectoral team chaired by the Technical Secretariat of Social Matters of the Presidency of the Council of Ministers. The latter bill has been incorporated in the agenda of the Congress’s Agrarian Commission and the Commission of Social Inclusion and the Disabled. The Agrarian Commission has created recently a working group of nutrition and food security, which has requested FAO’s specialized technical assistance. The Bill will be in consultation with the pertinent public sectors during 2012, with apparent favourable conditions for its approval.
FAO, PAHO/WHO, UNICEF, WFP and UNODC, supported the Government in its efforts to reduce chronic malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies, through capacity development and strengthening the support to the National Strategy CRECER—an articulated intervention of governmental institutions-via the MDGF Joint Programme on Childhood, Food Security and Nutrition and other bilateral initiatives. Some of these UN agencies have also successfully joined NGOs and international cooperation agencies, with the sole objective of supporting the Government in managing their goal of reducing chronic undernourishment and halving the number of anaemia cases among children countrywide. This JP has already achieved significant outcomes at the national level and has contributed to improve food security and nutrition in areas of intervention with traditionally high incidence of poverty in Andean highlands and Amazon jungle. Outcomes for 2011 will be addressed in the Joint Programmes section.
As a result of the National Workshop on Food Fortification (Government and WFP, 2010) an intersectoral Technical Committee was established for the fortification of food, in which WFP, FAO, PAHO/WHO and UNICEF are participating along with the Ombudsperson Office, the Prime Minister bureau, and the ministries of Health, Agriculture, Development and Social inclusion and Women and Vulnerable Groups.
In November, delegates from 13 countries of the Americas gathered in Lima, with the aim to review the strategies and regional mechanisms to create synergies against Malnutrition. This preliminary meeting took place before the International Summit of the World Health Organization on Nutrition. One of the main results is the Lima Declaration on Nutrition, which will be an input to be submitted to the Joint FAO/WHO International Conference on Nutrition, Twenty Years Later (ICN+20).
2.3. Gender: UN Women recommended to the UNCT the implementation of the Gender Score Card at the beginning of the programmatic cycle 2012-2016. The proposal was approved by the UNCT and is being developed by the UN Thematic Group on Gender (GITG). Other activities carried out by the GITG included the launching of the publication “What happened to Women in Peru? Beijing+15”, with inputs from many UN and bilateral Agencies.
In the framework of the Secretary-General's Campaign to End Violence against Women, the GITG made a joint proposal to the UN Fiduciary Fund. Although the proposal was not benefited, it was considered a good joint working exercise to integrate nonviolence mainstreaming. Also, a videoconference was held with the region’s focal points and the Coordinator for Latin-America, Ms. Nadine Gassman, who presented the regional structure and a progress report on the Campaign.
A Peruvian plastic artist was invited to Panama to attend a workshop on the SG Campaign. Upon return, she helped mounting a public art exhibition with other 16 Peruvian artists. The exhibit was later replicated in the galleries of the district of Miraflores, in Lima.
GTIG members took the online course “Gender Equality, UN Coherence and You”, jointly developed by UN Women, UNDP, UNFPA and UNICEF. It is available at http://www.unicef.org/gender/training/content/scoIndex.html. Other learning activities are planned in the short term, aimed at UN Agencies gender focal points, programme officers and UNCT members. Also, a database on gender related materials produced by the UN Agencies is being is being prepared.
2.4. Education: A unified scorecard for the integral management of risk in schools—developed by UNESCO and UNICEF along with NGOs, the Ministry of Health and the National Institute of Civil Defence (INDECI)—was prepared and validated as a useful tool to identify life-threatening risks for students. Using this scorecard, Principals can assess the situation and prepare a Risk Management Plan and a Contingency Plan, as well as define the necessary actions to have a “safe school”.
UNDP and UNESCO have jointly delivered technical assistance to the Regional Government of Junín in order to elaborate the final Project study “Strengthening of human and productive capacities of illiterate young and adults”.
2.5. Human Rights: An Interagency Thematic Group on Human Rights (GTIDH) was installed, with the participation of FAO, ILO, UN Women, UNAIDS, WFP, UNESCO, UNICEF and UNDP as convening agency. Since its creation, and with a close support from the regional OHCHR for South America, the GTIDH has devoted almost exclusively to the preparation of the UNCT report to the Universal Periodic Review, which Peru will present to the Human Rights Committee in 2012.
Also, the GTIDH has discussed a package of actions in support to the creation of the Vice-ministry of Human Rights, and to the formulation of the new National Human Rights Plan.
The RCO coordinated the participation of 10 UN Agencies, sharing a common stand, at the Human Rights Organizations Fair, organized by the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (PUCP) through its Institute for Democracy and Human Rights – IDHEPUCP. The participant Agencies (UNOPS, ILO, FAO, WFP, UNDP, UNICEF, UN Women, World Bank, UNIC and IMO) exhibited and distributed at no cost a variety of printed material regarding their work in the country and their significant contribution to the promotion and protection of Human Rights.
2.6. Indigenous People: ILO advocated the approval by the National Congress of the Consultation with Indigenous Peoples Law, which picks up what is stipulated in the Convention No.169 on indigenous and tribal peoples. The law grants the indigenous peoples the right to express an opinion on legislative or administrative measures that would eventually affect their rights, and foresees a consultation on the national development plans, programmes and projects that involve their land.
An Interagency Thematic Group on Cross-cultural issues, Indigenous People, Natives and African-ascents (GTIDH) was installed, with the participation of UN Women, UNAIDS, PAHO/WHO, UNDP, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNICEF and ILO as convening agency.
2.7. Disaster Preparedness and Mitigation: The ECHO funded project “Seismic and Tsunami Disaster Preparedness and early Recovery in Trujillo, Huaura and Cañete” (implemented by UNDP, UNFPA, WFP and PAHO/WHO with the National Institute of Civil Defence – INDECI), continued developing preparedness tools that will be useful for all the Response Plans nationwide. Likewise, a national Earthquake and Tsunami simulation and drill was carried out in November to test these tools, along with other protocols, at the central and regional level.
Furthermore, UNDP– in the framework of the Sustainable Cities Programme– supported the development of land use maps, risk maps and proposals for risk mitigation activities in 15 highly vulnerable municipalities. Technical and institutional capacities of INDECI and the municipal governments of Lima and Callao were also strengthened, through the elaboration of an Emergency Operations Plan and inter-institutional coordination protocols to respond to earthquakes and tsunamis.
Following an initiative by OCHA ROLAC, the Head of the Latin America section facilitated a half-day workshop with the UNDMT, looking to update the information and methodologies regarding the preparedness and response tools developed in the framework of the Humanitarian Reform. The agenda included the Cluster Approach, as well as the CERF and the Flash Appeal financing mechanisms. OCHA ROLAC also had a session with UNETE and the National Humanitarian Network.
2.8. Aid Effectiveness: Under the RCO coordination, the UNCT took part in the Third Paris Declaration Monitoring Survey and its preparatory process. UN Aid Effectiveness focal points participated in several workshops and meetings convened jointly by the Peruvian Agency for International Cooperation (APCI) and the Donors Coordinator for the PD Survey (USAID). After a six-month work, the final Peru’s country chapter containing inputs from 9 UN agencies (UNDP, UNICEF, UNFPA, WFP, UNAIDS, FAO, PAHO/WHO, ILO and UNLIREC) was sent to the OECD, who made no further comments.
Additionally, APCI filled the Gender Equality Module of the 2011 Paris Declaration Monitoring Survey, supported by UN Women and the RCO. This was considered a first step in strengthening the connections between gender equality and aid effectiveness. It’s worth to mention that only three countries in the region (Ecuador, Dominican Republic and Peru) submitted the Gender Equality Module.
In November, a Peruvian delegation composed by APCI, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Board on Consensus-building in the Fight against Poverty, met with other 3,000 delegates in the Fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness (HLF-4 ) that took place in Busan, Korea, in order to review progress on implementing the principles of the Paris Declaration. They also discussed how to maintain the relevance of the aid effectiveness agenda in the context of the evolving development landscape. The Peruvian delegates also attended many of the side events in parallel to the main HLF-4 sessions, including the special session on Gender: “Gender Equality for Development Effectiveness”.
Sponsored by UNDP and the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID), the Peruvian Agency of International Cooperation (APCI) launched the “Peruvian Offer of International Cooperation Catalogue”, which compiles and systematizes the technical multisectoral cooperation proposal of the country, involving ministries, executing public entities, research institutions and public universities.
Also, at the request of national counterparts and the donor community, UNDP coordinated the environment sector thematic group comprised of bilateral and multilateral donors and national counterparts. The objective of this group is to improve aid effectiveness, in the framework of the Paris Declaration. UNFPA assumed the responsibility to coordinate the statistics donor´s group.
The RC has launched a donors’ coordination mechanism at the ambassadors and heads of agencies level to improve communication and coherence.
The ICAOinitiatives are outside theUNDAFresults matrix. See UNDAF Chapter III.
Summary on progress in UN Reform
3. Highlights on progress in UN Reform
3.1. Alignment with National Priorities: The new UNDAF cycle runs along with the government period (2012-2016) and is the result of a joint reflective exercise between the United Nations system and the Peruvian Government, in close consultation with other cooperation agencies, civil society organizations, the private sector and other development partners. The UN system worked closely with the Peruvian Agency of International Cooperation (APCI), who took the leading role on behalf of the Government.
As mentioned in section II, the UNDAF formulation process included a joint Country Development assessment and an Appraisal on the Comparative Advantages of the UN System in Peru. On the basis of these two elements, the UNCT and the Peruvian Government reached consensus on the most urgent national problems and their causes, as well as on the capacity development needs, thus identifying the priority areas to be addressed in the new programmatic cycle.
Additionally, four UN Agencies have aligned their Country Programmes to the UNDAF cycle: WFP, UNICEF, UNDP and UNFPA, while some Joint Programmes such as the one on HIV/AIDS, have also extended their referential timeframe to a 5-year term.
3.2. Millennium Development Goals: In 2011, UN entities in Peru continued successfully carrying out activities around the promotion of specific MDG’s with national, regional, and local governments in important issues such as nutrition and food security, child and maternal health, eradication of HIV/AIDS, gender equality and environmental sustainability, among others.
MDG Acceleration Framework (MAF): Peru’s MAF proposal submitted by the RC Office and UNDP was awarded US$ 35,000 to work with Cusco’s Regional Government on a MAF Action Plan to improve maternal health in that region (MDG 5). The process was launched in November 2011 and a workshop to introduce the MAF was organized in Cusco with participation of authorities from the Regional Government, namely the Social Development Bureau and the Regional Health Direction. Following the workshop, a team of high-level consultants was hired to analyse bottlenecks and quick-win interventions in light of the MAF methodology; and the Regional Government appointed a team of specialists to function as a consultative group for actions aimed at improving maternal health. It is expected that the MAF Action plan will be finalized in the second quarter of 2012.
3.3. Joint Programmes: The UN System in Peru is undertaking significant efforts to deliver as one, so as to ensure coherence, articulation, synergy, complementarities and harmonization in the implementation and coordination of joint programmes. Increased UN coherence at the country level was a permanent objective of implementation of Joint Programmes (2011) during 2011. Significant work in progress is noted in the strengthening of interagency work and collaborative engagement, as well as in processes to construct common integrated approaches to topics that are usually the domain of individual mandates of UN Agencies. Efforts were also made to harmonize and simplify operations affecting JP, though results are still pending.
12 UN Agencies, of which 3 are Non-Resident Agencies—FAO, ILO, PAHO/WHO, UNDP, UNEP, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNICEF, UNIDO, UNODC, WFP and WTO—and one associated organization, IOM, as well as a corresponding number of governmental (at national, regional and local levels) partners are involved in the implementation of the 4 Joint Programmes financed by the MDG Fund and a disaster risk reduction project financed by DIPECHO..
Important progress was made in the 4 MDGF Joint Programmes towards achievement of specific outputs and outcomes. It is noteworthy that national ownership was fostered and strengthened at the national and subnational levels as a means to attain sustainability. Aligned with national and regional priorities, the four JP contributed to strengthen articulation between various governmental actors, and develop capacities of government actors at national, regional and local levels, and of families, producer associations and communities in areas of intervention. JPs on Childhood, Food Security and Nutrition, and Development and Private Sector underwent mid-term evaluations in the second half of 2011. Findings and recommendations were valuable to fine-tune implementation in order to improve effectiveness and efficiency.
The main specific outcomes of the MDGF JPs during 2011 are outlined below:
Environment and climate change JP: “Integrated and adaptive management of environmental resources and climatic risks in High Andean micro-watersheds” (UNDP, PAHO/WHO, FAO, UNEP). Aligned with UNDAF outcomes 2 and 3, and contributes to progress in MDG 1 and 7.
· Climate Change Adaptation Regional Strategies formulated by the Regional Governments of Cusco and Apurimac with technical support provided by the JP; local strategies formulated for municipalities of intervention; in process formulation of Action Plans.
· Institutionalization of environmental offices in municipalities and promotion of dialogue spaces on environmental and climate change issues. Geographical information systems at local level in place with support of JP; local level systems articulated with environmental information systems at the regional level. Evidence-based studies on climate change adaptation utilized by regional and local actors on decision making processes.
· Adaptation measures are mainstreamed in development plans of 9 pilot communities. Capacities for productive development via Farm Field Schools and healthy life styles are instilled at community level with technical assistance provided by JP, and related infrastructure is built and working with support from the JP.
Youth, employment, and migration JP:“Peru: Promotion of Employment and MSEs for Youth and Management of Juvenile Labour Migration” (ILO, UNDP, UNFPA, IOM). Aligned with UNDAF outcomes 2 and 3, and contributes to MDG 1 and 8.
• A Sectoral Plan for Youth Employment formulated by the Ministry of Labor with technical assistance from the JP. Support was also provided to formulation of regional employment plans in Arequipa, Junín and La Libertad, as well as to development of analyses on employment policies. The JP promoted the establishment of a group for youth social dialogue on decent work (Mesa de Diálogo Social Juvenil para el Trabajo Decente) as part of the National Labor Council.
• Specific services for young people were created with technical and seed financial support from the JP, namely the youth employment portal (with more than 118 mil visits); pilot program CertiJoven, pilot program Wawa Wasi Laboral; and Perú Infomigra which provides information and orientation for young migrants and their families. The JP also contributed to the strengthening of the career orientation and information service (SOVIO).
• Pilot Program Pro Joven Emprendedor was designed and launched with assistance from the JP, and is currently a permanent program of the Ministry of Labor. Related to this, a geo-referenced information system for micro and small entrepreneurs was operationalized to assist decision-making related to timing and location of new businesses.
Children, food security and nutrition JP:“Improving Nutrition and Food Security for the Peruvian Child: a Capacity Building Approach” (PAHO/WHO, FAO, UNICEF, UNODC, WFP). Aligned with UNDAF outcomes 1 and 3, and contributes in MDG 1 and 4.
· Capacities of the government entity in charge of articulating public policies to address chronic malnutrition (ST CIAS – EN CRECER) were enhanced with technical assistance provided by JP. Coordination between governmental actors at the national and subnational levels to address this issue was improved. Likewise, capacities of local actors were improved through a series of graduate trainings in social public management and other related issues. Situational analysis rooms were established in the 4 Regional Governments to monitor food security and nutrition indicators.
· The macro-regional entity - Mancomunidad Ayacucho-Apurimac-Huancavelica-was created to articulate a regional fight against chronic malnutrition. A regional compromise to address chronic malnutrition was signed by the Regional Government and 9 local governments in Loreto.
· Capacities to increase food security were improved at the regional and community levels via appropriate methods, including the Farmer Field Schools. The JP also provided technical support to improve public policies on food security and foster institutional development. In addition, families increased their knowledge and capacities to pursue healthy styles of living.
Development and the private sector JP:“Inclusive creative industries: an innovative tool for alleviating poverty in Peru” (UNIDO, FAO, ILO, WTO, UNDP, UNESCO). Aligned with UNDAF outcomes 2 and 3 and efforts to achieve MDG 1
· Evidence-based studies and various trainings were supported by the JP to strengthen capacities at the national, regional and local governments and relevant private sector and communities in favour of the promotion and implementation of inclusive creative industries (ICI).
· Small seed grants were provided to pilot projects on sectors of ICI in four areas of intervention. Projects by small producer associations also received technical assistance and accompaniment provided by the JP.
3.4. Harmonized Approach to Cash Transfers - HACT: The implementation of the Assurance and Audit Plan (joint visits to implementing partners) allowed the participant agencies to jointly monitor the projects and to make a coordinated approach on the implementing partners, although some significant differences remain. In turn, it is perceived that the implementing partners have internalized the HACT components.
Following negotiations with the Peruvian Government, the Micro-assessment process was carried out under the guidance of the HACT Technical Group, composed of designated staff of Programs and Operations Units from UNICEF (lead Agency), UNFPA, UNDP and WFP, and supported by the RCO. Micro assessments on the implementing partners have been systematically implemented, bestowing them an opportunity to self-assess their strengths and weaknesses.
Also, it has been agreed with the Government the incorporation of the HACT clauses in the CPAPs of the new programming cycle (2012-2016).
3.5. Coordination on security issues: All plans proposed under Security Management were fully implemented: The UN system counts with SRAs for the six different geographical regions in the country. Collectively, UN organizations in Peru comply with the requirements established in the country specific MOSS (91% MOSS compliance). This is a particularly important accomplishment, considering that the UN System in Peru grew considerably during 2011, reaching a total of 73 presences in the field (including offices, sub-offices and field offices).
The Security Plan was updated in June 2011 and duly endorsed by UNDSS NY. The components of the Security Management Structure are well defined, soundly established and provide for adequate responses to possible risks and crisis situations. Likewise, the Security Management System responds to requests for training with dynamic training programs that present highly relevant content and agencies ensure high attendance of the concerned staff. 70% of all the UN staff in Peru participated in a comprehensive Disaster-Response training and 100% has been duly included in the UN Warden System for Lima.
An Inter-Agencies Security Telecommunications Assessment Mission was led by WFP on 3rd – 9th April, as leader of the Emergency Telecommunication Cluster (ETC). The objective of the mission was to assess the requirements, existing response capacity and then identify operational shortfalls. Recommendations were made to the RC/SMT on how these shortfalls can be filled in order to guarantee the effective and efficient delivery of security telecommunication services to the humanitarian community in Peru. As per Mission leader opinion, from all the visited countries the most successful from the organization point of view was Peru. He added that mission achieved a lot in a short period of time, justly based on the great organization and support from the UN Resident Coordinator Office. This merited an special article in the Wavelenght no. 13 of October, in which is clearly spell out that a such productive experience with the UNCT was basically due to the leadership support of UN Resident Coordinator together with the involvement of the UN Agencies Representatives .
3.6. UN Cares: The PEP starter kit protocol was up-dated and approved by UNCT. The most significant change is that all PEP kits are now administered by UNDSS countrywide. A timely mapping of UN personnel was carried out by UNDSS, allowing the proper distribution of the PEP kits according to the number of UN colleagues working in the regions.
Also, with the support of the UN Cares coordinator for Latin American and the Caribbean, 24 UN employees and family members, representing 11 UN organizations, met in September to be trained in the implementation of UN Cares strategy in their agencies. By the end of the workshop participants had received the latest information about UN Cares communication tools, information about PEP starter kits in the UN, and information on how to implement the STIGMA FUELS HIV campaign. Participants also drafted concrete plans of action in order to implement the UN Cares minimum standards that seek to ensure universal access to HIV related services to all UN employees in the country.
3.7. Common Houses: UN House Complejo Javier Perez de Cuellar holds eight UN organizations: IFAD, UNDP, UNDSS, UNAIDS, UNIC, UNIFEM, UNOPS and UNLIREC. The compound provides common services and facilities to UN Organizations in it. By the end of 2011, the WFP officially announced they would also move their premises to the compound by April 2012.
3.8. Advocacy Activities: The UNCG/Peru has worked to jointly disseminate messages of the United Nations in Peru, and strengthen the work carried out to fulfil the goals of the Organization in the country, especially with regards to the completion of the Millennium Development Goals. The UNCG supported the UN Country Team by informing about the communication priorities, drafting the annual work plan and informing about communications aspects regarding the MDG-Fund for joint programming.
In 2011, the UNCG/Peru jointly developed a country communications plan, supported in the three basic pillars of the work of the United Nations (development, human rights and peace and security). Accordingly, the communications activities aimed at supporting and advancing the work of the UN System in Peru in those areas.
3.9. Alignment with Humanitarian Reform: In coordination with the Peruvian Government, a UN Disaster and Emergency Information and Operations Centre (CIODE) was established as a mechanism for supporting the National Humanitarian Network (Humanitarian Country Team). Leading support to Thematic Groups for Disaster Response (clusters), especially in Protection, Health, and Water Sanitation and Hygiene, in coordination with the national responsible entity.
Also, in coordination with the National Institute of Civil Defence (INDECI) interagency and intersectoral missions on needs assessment and technical support to regional authorities were carried out in Ucayali (floods) and Ica (earthquake).
Also, new UN agencies became part of the United Nation Emergency Team (UNETE): UNESCO, UNAIDS, ILO, ICAO, UNODC, UN Women and UNOPS.
3.10. UN Volunteers: In 2011 International Volunteers were active in several UN Agencies: WFP (1), UNFPA (1), UNICEF (1), IOM (1), UNDP (5) and also National Volunteers were assigned to programmes in the following agencies: UNICEF (3), UNDP (10). 2011 was the International Year of Volunteers +10, which was celebrated mobilizing all UN Volunteers in Peru with an official act at the Ministry of Women and Social Development with the presence of several Agency Representatives resulting in a major recognition of the importance of Volunteerism for development in the country.
3.11. Strengthening UN Related Associations:
UNLESA: As part of the 2011 work plan, UNLESA carried out a Culture and Family Day meeting in order to promote UNLESA activities. During the second half of the year, the UNLESA Third Annual Open Meeting was carried out and featured two guests from the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Tourism, who gave a presentation on Sustainable Tourism in Peru. More than 50 participants from international NGOs and enterprises, expat associations, international schools, as well as businessmen and businesswomen, and UNLESA members attended.
Furthermore, UNLESA started a volunteer project for supporting the implementation of an interactive library for the 275 children of the Pérez Araníbar Children’s Home. UNLESA have collected more than 1000 books from private schools, UN Staff and LESA members.
UNLESA printed a new informational brochure, updated the Welcome Pack and created a blog. These materials are part of the routine initial security briefings for the staff members and their dependants.
AEFNUP/AFICS: The Peruvian Association of Former United Nations Civil Servants received permanent support from the RCO and their website, located in the UN System website, was updated regularly by including members’ institutional information, registration forms and instructions, as well as information on their activities.
UN Women’s Guild: The RCO gave its full support to the UN Women’s Guild in Peru in the organization of the VIII International Charity Bazaar, in which over US$ 45,000 were raised to help youngsters and teen mothers acquire equipment and materials to produce handcrafted objects as a mean of living. Support was also given to the UN Women’s Guild in Peru, through a web page within the UN System website and facilitating the use of the UN common premises for their activities.
Key aspects of the proposed 2012 workplan
4. Key aspects of the proposed 2012 work plan
Implementation of UNDAF 2012-2016 will be initiated in 2012. It is expected that new UN joint programmes could be designed building on the lessons learned and good experiences with the MDG Fund financed joint programmes about to be completed.
The MDG-F joint programmes currently under implementation will continue during 2012 with two of them finalizing operations during this year while the other two will end in 2013. Efforts will be focussed on achieving planned objectives and results and in disseminating best practices and lessons learned as well as possible expansion of these programmes to other areas of the country. An event to present joint programmes and their outcomes to government authorities will be organized, as well as an internal workshop to assess contribution and lessons learnt of JPs to UN Reform.
A new National MDG Situation Report will be coordinated with the Government in order to monitor the country’s achievements and to contribute with a Human Rights Based Approach to the existing statistical analysis.
The Universal Periodic Review for Peru will take place in 2012. In this context, the UNCT will prepare a report on progress achieved on human rights since the first UPR of 2008. Also, UN joint support will be provided in the implementation of the Prior Consultation with Indigenous Peoples Law.
RCO financial sustainability: Up until 2009, the operative costs of the Resident Coordinator’s Office were partly covered by SRC funds, while UNDP financed the part corresponding to its mandate to support the RC system (and, in many cases, even more). Additional resources were mobilized from the UN Agencies in order to carry out interagency activities and to support the annual work plan of the different interagency thematic groups. From 2010 up to date, progressive budgetary constraints have forced the RCO to mobilize additional amounts from the UN Agencies, since SRC funds have been used almost exclusively to cover the salaries of the Coordination Office. This has had a negative impact on the execution of the RCO’s Annual Work Plan and has affected the strengthening of capacities within the office (training restrictions, impossibility to renew office equipment, among others). In this sense, the RC and the UNCT request UNDOCO’s support to cover at least the RCO’s budget, according to the Annual work Plan that is part of this Report.
UN Harmonization: It is necessary to continue harmonization of UN agencies policies and regulations at the headquarters level in order to facilitate adopting a more coherent and harmonized approach at the country level, particularly for UN inter-agency initiatives.
Joint Programming: Resources should be mobilized to implement UN joint programmes in the context of UNDAF 2012-2016 implementation. UN agencies should support these efforts at headquarters and regional level. More UN support will be needed to adopt agreements of ‘Rio+20’ conference on sustainable development, under a UN system common approach. It is recommended that a regional workshop is organized with support of UNDG and RDT LAC to assess lessons learnt and best practices of joint programmes to joint programming, UNDAF implementation and UN Reform on a comparative basis. This workshop may be complemented by the systematization of selected best practices at the country-level, that may be replicated or considered as references.