2007 Resident Coordinator Annual Report
Throughout 2008, the Caretaker Government continued to demonstrate its determination to implement broad governance reforms and in December it successfully transitioned Bangladesh back to an elected government. After having reconstituted the Election Commission and drawn up an electoral roadmap in 2007, it moved on this year to complete the digital registration of 81 million voters, enhance electoral laws and redraw constituency boundaries to make them more demographically representative. The new voter list proved to be highly accurate and commanded public confidence, thus resolving one of the most contentious issues leading to the suspension of the 2007 parliamentary electoral process.

For most of 2008, political parties remained in a reactive mode, constrained by the state of emergency and weakened by the anti-corruption drive that saw the arrest and imprisonment of top party leadership. As the country moved towards elections, the state of emergency was gradually relaxed, and the courts began to release the graft accused on bail, the parties – including the two largest, the Awami League and the Bangladesh Nationalist Party – became more active, campaigning vigorously in the last month of the year.

The tenure of the Caretaker Government culminated in the holding of parliamentary elections on 29 December 2008. With the last parliamentary election seven years prior, popular enthusiasm was very high, resulting in a voter turnout of 87 per cent, unparalleled in the history of Bangladesh and high by international standards. Compared to earlier years, the 2008 elections were largely peaceful, and international and domestic observers deemed the process free, fair and credible. The vote resulted in a landslide victory for the Awami League, which captured 230 out of 300 seats, leading the way for party chief Sheikh Hasina to be sworn in as the country’s new Prime Minister on 6 January 2009.

Another notable achievement in 2008 was the establishment of a National Human Rights Commission, which is expected to play a significant role in establishing a culture of respect for human rights with the cooperation of civil society, public and private organizations. The Caretaker Government also promulgated a Right to Information Ordinance, strengthened local government legislation, and established a Supreme Judicial Council that will be responsible for vetting and appointing the country’s senior judges.

Some areas saw less progress, including the anti-corruption drive, forcefully pursued in 2007 but losing much steam in 2008 due mainly to legal entanglements. An attempt to set up a Truth and Accountability Commission for corruption cases proved ineffective. Despite this, Bangladesh improved somewhat in Transparency International’s ranking of most corrupt countries.

The Bangladesh economy demonstrated notable resilience in 2008, despite the effects of recent natural calamities, high commodity prices and the global economic downturn. The economy grew by 6.2 percent in the financial year 2007/08 and is expected to grow at a comparable rate this year. While the global financial crisis had no major impact on Bangladesh in 2008, many believe that two of the largest foreign currency earning sectors of the economy – export of readymade garments (76% of total export) and remittances from wage earners abroad – will suffer in 2009. With the cooling of the international economy and decreasing prices for food and fuel, the inflation rate reduced to 6.1 percent in November 2008, from 11.6 percent in December of 2007. Power production and infrastructure remain serious development bottlenecks.

The Caretaker Government formulated its second Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP), entitled ‘Moving Forward,’ in October 2008, to replace the first PRSP that effectively ended in June 2008. It also introduced a 100 day employment guarantee scheme to strengthen social safety nets in the aftermath of Cyclone Sidr and the food price crisis.

Calls to prosecute alleged war criminals escalated during 2008, in particular towards the end of the year, as an advocacy campaign by participants of the 1971 war of independence gathered momentum. The calls for justice were taken up by the political parties, in particular the Awami League, which made prosecution one of its electoral promises. Leaders of the party have suggested that they may seek UN assistance.

Public opinions of the government's performance during 2008 were relatively stable throughout the year. Opinion polls in October 2008 suggested that 73 per cent of the general population had confidence in the government.

2009 will be an important year for Bangladesh, as the newly elected government will have to navigate both immediate challenges, such as the economic downturn, and long-term ones, such as mitigating Bangladesh’s vulnerability to the expected effects of climate change. It will also oversee elections in nearly 500 sub-districts across the country, consider ratification of the many ordinances passed by the Caretaker Government, and make efforts to deliver on its promises to ameliorate the situation for society’s poorest.

Summary on progress towards UNDAF outcomes


The third joint annual review of the UNDAF was conducted in March 2009. Highlights of 2008 results include:

Democratic Governance and Human Rights Towards democratic governance, the UN supported the election process inter-alia by providing technical and logistical support to the preparation of the new voter list which received very high levels of public confidence and enabled a free, fair and credible parliamentary election on 29 December 2008. The UNSG’s High Level Panel on Bangladesh Elections was well articulated with local level initiatives to promote democratic governance and high quality elections. Human rights were promoted through assistance to establish the National Human Rights Commission, while human security was enhanced through the police reform programme which emphasized human rights.

Other critical interventions for promoting human rights and human security included initiatives to prevent trafficking in women and children, such as establishing the Anti-Trafficking of Human Being Specialist Unit, development of the National Plan of Action to combat trafficking in women and children which was adopted by the Government and of a strategy paper on prevention of trafficking which was adopted by the Ministry of Home Affairs.

Other achievements include positive steps toward the prevention of abuses and exploitation in the labour migration process and the preparation of a national child labour policy, which is expected to be approved soon by the Government.

Health, Nutrition and Sustainable Population UN assistance to address this national priority focused on reproductive health, population, child survival, nutrition, sustainable environment and energy management. Population and reproductive health strategies outlined in the PRSP, MDG report, the SWAp and the national population policy were effectively integrated into programmes for the poor and vulnerable through training and orientations for Government officials, health professionals and UN staff. Child survival was promoted by extending immunization programmes to children in low-coverage districts such as the Chittagong Hill Tracts, building capacity of service providers and monitoring quality of services and ensuring accountability. The Community Nutrition programme achieved 90% malnutrition recovery rate for children and 97% recovery for women and adolescent girls from 23,004 malnourished ultra-poor living in high food insecure areas. Under the food-for-education programme, 512,000 primary school children received 9,300 metric tons of fortified biscuits and 560,000 students received de-worming tablets reducing the proportion of children with worms from 79% to 23%.

Education and Pro-Poor Growth Early learning initiatives helped 675,360 children who completed one year of early learning (pre-school) in primary schools with a net pre-school attendance rate of 85-90%. In the Chittagong Hill Tracts, access to quality education at the community level was increased in six targeted Upazilas, and quality primary education was promoted through technical assistance and policy advisory services for effective learning strategies, comprehensive curricula and child-centered teaching techniques.

Through non-formal education initiatives, 6,838 street children and 410,960 women received life skills training, and adult education and illiteracy were addressed through capacity building of NGOs and policy-makers.

Social Protection and Disaster Risk Reduction: In the wake of Cyclone Sidr in 2007, the UN continued to provide social protection for affected households and to enhance disaster preparedness efforts. Under the Comprehensive Disaster Management Programme, nine national plans and policies on disaster risk reduction were developed and comprehensive trainings were conducted on emergency health care and enhancing food security and nutritional well being. Emergency shelters were constructed for refugees in the camps in Kutupalong and Nayapara.

Gender Equity and Women's Advancement: Gender equity and women’s advancement was supported form various angles. To address the issue of women and HIV-AIDS, the National Women Forum (NFW) on AIDS was established in the James P. Grant School of Public Health in BRAC University. Women’s participation in national elections was facilitated through voter registration of over 41 million women. Gender guidelines for police were implemented by 168 Gender Committees at Thana level. Other notable achievements include the establishment of a Bangladesh Police Women’s network for advocating increased women’s representation and role within the Bangladesh Police force. The MDG-F approved the joint programme on Violence against Women.

Prevention and Protection against HIV and AIDS: To strengthen national response and resource mobilization at all levels including government, civil society, people living with HIV and non-state partners, 16 focal points were identified from across government ministries to facilitate the national mainstreaming of HIV-AIDS activities. Ministry briefing kits were developed to orient new officials. In addition, media trainings were held on the topic of monitoring progress to Universal Access. The Joint Plan of Action for 2008-2009 was implemented across all UNAIDS co-sponsor agencies. Other achievements included support to the implementation of the National M&E Framework, awareness trainings and orientations for Government, police, religious leaders, adolescents and other groups.

Summary on progress in UN Reform


In 2006, the UN System in Bangladesh developed its own home-grown UN Reform strategy in the spirit of the ‘Delivering as One’ pilot countries. While not formally one of the pilots, the Country Team felt the need to respond to change, while remaining within the existing legal framework. A report entitled “UN System Reform in Bangladesh: Energy, Purpose, Impact” was prepared to enhance local understanding of UN Reform and to outline a strategy for ‘Delivering as One’ in Bangladesh. The strategy was aimed at strengthening UN coordination across four areas:

1. Toward "One Programme" 2. UN normative and analytic work 3. Behaviours among UN agencies 4. Common systems and premises

Collective results of the UN Reform strategy were reviewed with development partners in December 2007 and October 2008.

Highlights of the latest results from the UN reform strategy include: ? Several UN Heads of Agencies have taken on strong leadership roles in joint programmes, common frameworks for action and collective analysis.

? An excellent collaborative spirit was seen when responding to emergencies and crises such as cyclone Sidr and the sudden hike in food prices. Collaboration through the humanitarian cluster system brought together the broad humanitarian community under a common UN-led umbrella. The common approach to relief was extended to an early recovery phase that was successfully implemented throughout 2008.

? The UNCT is actively participating in the Government and development partners in developing a Joint Cooperation Strategy, which was partially inspired by the UN’s own reform strategy in Bangladesh. The Government and the UN Heads of Agencies have agreed to extend the current UNDAF (2006 - 2010), by a year to align with the proposed Joint Cooperation Strategy and the Bangladesh PRS, both of which follow three-year cycles.

? In recognition of the UN system’s ability to coordinate both itself and others, the larger donor consortium relied on the UN to facilitate the formulation of 4 out of 8 policy notes, used to engage the new Government in discussions on policy alignment in January 2009.

? To highlight the frequently overlooked but important UN contributions to the development and promotion of international normative frameworks and to ensure wider dissemination, the UNCT produced a comprehensive report entitled “UN Normative Work in Bangladesh” in September 2008 as a mechanism for initiating the UN reform strategy in Bangladesh.

Key aspects of the proposed 2009 workplan


Planning and reporting ? Annual reviews of implementation of the UNDAF and the local UN reform strategy. ? Substantive UN input to the joint cooperation strategy. ? Dovetail UNDAF with the joint cooperation strategy.

Programme coherence Joint programmes ? Analysis of joint programmes in Bangladesh with recommendations.

Disaster Management and Emergency Response ? Develop UNCT Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) for emergencies. ? Evaluate the Sidr Early Recovery Action Plan. ? Implement the UN framework on food prices and nutrition. ? Develop a UN framework for response to the global economic downturn

Donor Coordination: Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness ? Maintain high UN engagement with the joint cooperation strategy at key junctures.

UN advocacy & communications ? Maintain high UN profile with new government and civil society.

Recommendations


1. RC/UNCT performance appraisal system The new RC/UNCT performance appraisal process is cumbersome, repetitive and produces suboptimal incentives: - The UNCT and RC key results are derived from the UNCT workplan, on which the RC/UNCT report annually, and therefore the new system is very repetitive - At the end of each year, the RC/DO/RR will be responsible for reporting on three sets of RCAs – UN, UNDP, and the collective UNCT RCAs. This is very cumbersome - The RC is assessed by ERC, UNDSS, CEB, and the RDT for collective UNCT results, yet the collectivity at country-level is not formally accountable to the RC and are not appraised individually by the RC. This results in an incentive system that is not optimal for the pursuit of collective results. - Many individuals assessing the RC/UNCT have not only never visited Bangladesh, they have also never met the individuals whose performance they will be appraising. On what grounds will such assessment be made?

It is recommended that the newly introduced RC/UNCT performance appraisal system be vastly simplified and redesigned to create an incentive system conducive to the pursuit of collective results.

2. Joint programmes The Bangladesh UNCT experience with joint programmes (i.e. several UN agencies implementing through a single project document) indicates that this may not be the optimal approach to joint UN programming given the current state of UN reform. Until the business processes, HR systems, and internal IT platforms are harmonized across UN agencies at corporate level, the transaction costs of joint programming (i.e. one programme document) are too high to justify. Better results at this stage may be achieved through joint analysis and joint work planning and monitoring, without joint project documents.

3. Reporting templates The overall RC/UNCT reporting templates are not user-friendly and do not serve as planning tools. They have to be transposed every year into user-friendly planning formats in order to be useful and re-transposed back into the HQ format at the end of each year for HQ reporting purposes. The format should be made content flexible and user-friendly for planning purposes.




   2008 Results and Use of Funds

2008 Results and Use of Funds
Part One: Progress towards UNDAF outcomes (Results 2008)
Key Result Area Outcome Name Indicate Total Budget Per Outcome Provide an indicative budget delivery amount per outcome in 2008.    Comments
UNDAFOutcome 1Human rights of children women and vulnerable groups are progressively fulfilled within the foundations of strengthened democratic governance$86,630,000.00$41,957,648.00 
UNDAFOutcome 2Survival and development of rights of vulnerable groups are ensured within an environmentally sustainable framework$212,740,000.00$21,290,000.00 
UNDAFOutcome 3The most vulnerable groups have improved life conditions, skills, services and decent job opportunities$446,526,343.00$101,450,469.00 
UNDAFOutcome 4Human security is strengthened and vulnerability to social, economic and natural risks is reduced$223,369,713.00$43,338,665.00 
UNDAFOutcome 5Societal changes are realized to reduce discriminatory practices and to pursue equity and empowerment for women and girls. $24,580,000.00$1,410,000.00 
UNDAFOutcome 6Current low prevalence rate of HIV/AIDS is sustained through preventive measures and the needs of the affected and infected people are met. $17,351,580.00$6,661,830.00 
PART 1 TOTAL $1,011,197,636.00 $216,108,612.00
Part Two: Coordination Results
Key Results Area Expected Outputs1 Performance Indicators2 Actual Outputs at Year End Funds required/spent at Year End Additional Support Needed from HQ or Regional Director's Team Target Date
SRC UNCCF Transition Un Agencies3 Other
Required Spent Required Spent Required Spent Required Spent Required Spent Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
Result Area 1: Coordination for Results
UNCT Contribution to the National Development Plan/Poverty Reduction Strategy
UN support to formulation/implementation of relevant national strategies or plans e.g. JAS/NDP/PRSP

       
UN plan to support the implementation of the Millennium Declaration and/or the UNDG Action Plan on the Development Outcome of the World Summit (MDG Action Plan) * 1. MDG Progress Report disseminated (UNDP)

2. Training of DevInfo to the government and UN officials (UNICEF)

1. # of published reports

2. # of participants of the training

1. 3000 copies of MDG progress report published by UNDP

2. Twenty four UN and government officials received DevInfo training organized by UNICEF

       
UN support to capacity development strategies

       
UN assistance to national authorities for the preparation of the national report on the implementation of the Brussels Programme of Action of LDCs 4 *

       
Formulation/implementation of a transition plan or strategy 5

       
Other

1. Response to PRS II from UN agencies were collated and consolidated and shared with Government of Bangladesh

2. The National Food Policy is jointly monitored and updated by FAO, WFP and WHO.

       
Aid Coordination / Management / Paris Declaration
Planned efforts to making use of national systems in the areas such as programme/project reporting, PRS/sectoral monitoring and evaluation systems, annual PRS/sectoral performance reviews, national procurement systems, etc

       
UN support to aid coordination/management 1. Strengthened UNCT coordination

2. Strengthened donor coordination

3. Strengthened Harmonized Action Plan (HAP) Cell in ERD, Ministry of Finance

4. Support to OECD/DAC Survey 2008

UN website; UNCT meetings and retreats reports; LCG meetings reports; HAP implementation report; LCG website/donor portal; Updated ERD Website

1. UNCT meetings held and decisions implemented.

2. UN website regularly updated.

3. 2008 OECD/DAC survey completed.

4. ERD/GoB website launched and regularly updated.

5. LCG meetings minutes recorded regularly; LCG website updated regularly

6. HAP cell expanded and consultant recruited

7. Multi Donor Fund (MDF) managed and administered.

$4,387.00 $2,738.12 $68,640.00 $68,460.00

       
Other 1. Bangladesh visit of UN Secretary General on 2 November 2008. 2. Support to missions on Bangladesh National Election

# of meetings # of field visits, Logistic supports

1. High level missions; logistic support to meetings

2. Two field visits- Sunamganj and Bogra and other conference facilities

$25,000.00 $41,577.18

       
UNDAF/Common Programming
Efforts to align UN programme cycle with national development cycle *

       
Preparation of CCA/UNDAF

UNCT agreed to extend UNDAF by one year

       
Implementation of UNDAF M&E Framework * Collective monitoring of joint results framework

       
UNDAF Annual Review/ UNDAF Evaluation UNDAF/CP Joint Annual Review conducted

1. Joint Annual Review

2. Results report

1. The UNDAF Joint Annual Review will be held on 26 Feb 09.

2. The review report is expected to be finalized by mid March '09.

$22,249.60 $19,004.74

       
Other

       
Joint Programmes6
Preparation/ implementation of new Joint Programmes * 1. Cox’s Bazar community development programme project launched

2. Joint Programme on Violence against Women launched

3. CHT-Education Phase II joint programme document formulated

4. CHT-Health finalised proposal submitted to DPs & implementation launched.

1. Approved by GoB

2. The programme document revised and signed by the parties

1. The Cox's Bazar Joint Initiative concept note approved by the Government and resource commitment secured, in principle, from EC

2. Extensive comments from Government incorporated and Project document finalized and awaiting GoB signature

3. Resource commitment for CHT-Education secured, in priciple, from EC and MoU signed by partcipating agencies.

4. CHT-Health project document signed and $10.01 million mobilized.

       
M&E of Joint Programmes Neo-natal and Maternal mortality reduction (UNFPA, UNICEF, WHO) MOU Finalised & Project monitored

1. Project Committees in place and operational and district level plans aprroved and being implemented.

       
Other

Spain-UNDP MDGF Trust fund did not accpet the concept note on joint programme on Youth, Unemployment and Migration.

       
HACT
Plan for the roll-out/implementation 7 of HACT in the country * 1. Micro Assessment completed

2. Implementing Partners trained of HACT/FACE

3. Workshops for the Government Officials held

4. A Workshop for the UN Officers held

1. Micro Assessment Report

2. # of trained IPs

3. Workshops for the Government

4. A workshop for the UN Officers

1. Twenty one micro assessment reports completed

2. Workshops held for GoB and UN officers

$2,450.00 $5,000.00

       
Strengthening national systems/capacities through HACT

       
Other

       
Gender Equality
UN support to incorporation of gender equality in national planning processes (such as National Development Strategies; PRSPs; SWAPs; Joint Assistance Strategies, etc.)

1. Situation analysis report on MDG 3 completed.

2. Needs assessment and costing for Bangladesh undertaken.

       
Capacity development for gender theme groups to support UNCT to respond to national priorities for gender equality

Training provided to UNCT gender theme group members for undertaking MDG3 needs assessmen and costing

       
Other

       
HIV/AIDS
Establishment of Joint UN Team on AIDS and implementation of joint programme of support on AIDS * 1. Joint HIV/AIDS PAF implemented

2. Joint Team strengthened

Regular reports on progress under UNDAF outcome; # of meetings; # of participating agencies

1. Four PAFs applied for and approved (ILO-2, IOM-1, UNHCR-1)

2. Reports under UNDAF outcome received.

3. Six (bi-monthly) meetings of the Joint Team held; 10 UN agencies participated.

       
UN support to the national response to AIDS through strengthening the Three Ones * Policy advocacy for an integrated approach for national reponse on HIV prevention

Workshops/Seminars conducted

40 workshops, training sessions and sensitization campaigns on HIV/AIDS by various UN agencies were conducted at the national and sub-national levels. The particiapnts included, government officials-both central and local, NGOs, CSO and civil soceity members. Support was also provided to government in mainstreaming HIV/AIDS in various services and communities of practice.

       
HIV/AIDS in the Workplace UNLS implemented

Activities

Survey held to assess HIV/AIDS related awareness among UN staff members staff orientation sessions on HIV/AIDS undertaken by respective UN agencies.

       
Other

       
Human Rights
Application of Human Right Based Approach UNCT Common Strategy developed

       
Strengthening the capacity of UNCTs to support national human rights protection systems HR situation monitored

Monitored Data

Trends in Bangaldesh Human Rights monthly situation report prepared.

$3,500.00 $700.22

       
Other

       
Coordination of Humanitarian/Natural Disaster Operations
Coordination of humanitarian operations Cluster mechanism deepened, meetings held by potential cluster leads with potential actors, agreement of ToR

# of meetings

1. Seven cross-sector coordination meetings conducted.

2. UN Early Recovery Framework formulated, working groups formed and programmes implemented and monitored.

3. UN Lessons Learnt workshop on flood and cyclone held and finalized UN Action Plan for 2008. 4. Supported government to finalize Early Recovery Action Plan and held workshop.

       
Preparation of crisis prevention/natural disaster operations/plans Enhanced IM capacity, agreement on common IM templates and WWWW databases. Fund transfer mechanism between UN agencies established

Database format

LCG-DER agreed on templates and now populating the database

       
Contingency Plan initiatives UNCT contingency plan updated, off the shelf CERF and FLASH like templates developed

1. Updated contingency plan; 2. Off the shelf CERF and FLASH like templates

1. RCO Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) drafted and linked to the UN Contingency plan

       
Other

1. CERF report completed.

3. UN Sitreps produced as and when needed

4. Food crisis framework drafted

5. Proposal of DER strengthening drafted

       
Security
Security Management Team

       
UNCT Security Plan

       
Other

       
Common Services and Premises
Planned initiatives to increase cost-effectiveness of UN operations, incl. common administrative services and common arrangements in support of programme delivery (including Joint Office initiative) 1. The sixth joint sub-office in Mymensingh (WFP/UNICEF) opened;

2. The UN Common Intranet launched;

3. Assessed common vendor list, LTAs and other common services

1. The opened sixth joint sub-office in Mymensingh (WFP/UNICEF);

2. The UN Intranet

1. Sixth joint office opened.

2. Common vendor list, LTAs and other common services continued.

3. A joint Creche for UN staff memebrs at IDB bhaban was opened.

       
Planned initiatives on common premises

       
Other

       
Other (specify)
Other (specify)

       
Result Area 2: UN Advocacy and Resource Mobilization
Joint UNCT Advocacy and Communications
Development/implementation of the UNCT communications/advocacy strategy & plan 1. Book on

1. Book published($8000.00-UN Agencies-Provisional)

2. Peace Keepers Day ($15,000.00-SRC)

3. UN day ($2793-UNCCF+ $7000.00-UN Agencies-Provisional)

4. UN Peace Day

5.UN Normative Work Report published ($5000-UNCCF)

1. 500 copies of UN Normative Report printed and disseminated

2. Peace Keepers day, UN day, and UN Peace Day observed

$15,000.00 $15,555.47 $7,793.00 $18,658.14 $15,000.00

       
Other A Code of Conduct for UN staff involved in joint activities considered.

$3,000.00 $736.56

       
Joint UNCT Resource Mobilization Strategy
Development/implementation of RM strategy

1. Two MDG-F fund concept note submitted (Children, food security and nutrition, Private sector and Development)

2. UN Early Recovery Framework used to mobilize resources for 2007 cyclone.

3. DFID invited at UNCT to make presentation on Humanitarian Multi Donor Trust Fund (HMDTF)

       
Other

       
Result Area 3: Non-Resident UN Agencies
Special measures to integrate non-resident UN agencies in UNCT processes
Supporting the Involvement of non-resident UN agencies in the national strategic planning processes/ UN programming

1. Logistic support provided during the visit of the SG-UNCTAD/ITC.

2. Support provided to OCHA, DESA, UNIFEM, UNIDO, UNODC as and when required

       
Other

       
Result Area 4: Coordination Capacity of the UNCT
Strengthening UNCT Coordination Capacity
RCO Staffing

Expanded and improved RCO coordination.

$39,707.86

       
Materials/Equipment

       
Training of UN staff

RCO staff completed UNDP mandatory training courses, e.g. ethics, security.

       
Other UNCT Retreat, conference facilities, etc. for improved coordination

UN Strategy, UN RC Annual Report

UN System reform strategy in Bangladesh 2008 results report completed

$8,269.05 $8,871.71

       

TOTAL $70,518.65 $85,589.78 $23,680.00 $64,410.22 $15,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $68,640.00 $68,460.00



   Joint Programmes

Joint Programmes
Title Theme Linkages to MDGs and UNDAF outcomes Duration (from/to) Fund management Modality Manag. agent Admin. agent National or local partners and donors Total budget Financial contribution
Accelarating Progress towards Maternal and Neonatal Mortality & Morbidity Reduction MDGs MDG 4,5 UNDAF Outcome 2

2007 - 2010 Pass-through
UNFPA UNFPA Government of Bangladesh (GoB), DFID, EC

$8.20
DFIDCost Sharing$4.90
ECCost Sharing$3.30
Cox's Bazar Community Development Community Development MDG 1-8 UNDAF Outcomes 1,2,3,4,5,6

2009 - 2011 Pass-through
UNICEF UNICEF Government of Bangladesh (GoB)

Joint Programme on Violence Against Women Gender MDG 3 UNDAF Outcome 5

2009 - 2012 Pass-through
UNFPA UNDP IOM, Government of Bangladesh (GoB), Spain

$7.90
SpainMDG-F$7.90
Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) Health Health MDG 4,5,6 UNDAF Outcome 2 CPO 2,3,5

2009 - 2013 Pass-through
UNDP UNDP Local NGO, EC

$10.01
UNDPCost Sharing$1.01
ECCost Sharing$9.00
Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) Education Education MDG 2,3 UNDAF Outcome 3 CPO 1,2 and especially 3

2009 - 2013 Pass-through
UNICEF UNDP National NGOs, Save the Children UK, EC, CIDA

$12.60
ECEC$12.60



   Coordination Procedures and Practices

Coordination practices and procedures
CP Results Recommendations to DGO
Joint Programmes

Transaction costs:- Until the business processes, HR systems, and internal IT platforms are harmonized across UN agencies at corporate level, the transaction costs of joint programming (i.e. one programme document) are too high. - Exact role of lead agency in programme formulation, resource mobilization and engagement with government often not clearly defined, creating over-dependency by partners on lead agency. Better results in joint initiatives at this stage may be achieved through joint analysis and joint work planning and monitoring, without joint project documents.
Achievements:- Excellent collaborative spirit was seen when responding to emergencies and crises such as cyclone Sidr and the sudden hike in food prices. Collaboration through the humanitarian cluster system brought together the broad humanitarian community under a common UN-led umbrella. The common approach to relief was extended to an early recovery phase that was successfully implemented throughout 2008. - The MDG-F approved funding for the Violence Against Women programme. - A joint health initiative was launched in the Chittagong Hill Tracts and USD 20 million was mobilized for the programme. - A community development programme in Cox’s Bazaar was formulated.
Lessons learned:- UN staff need training and capacity building on joint programming, One UN, and UN Reforms. - Division of labour among participating agencies in joint programmes, must be clearly defined at the formulation stage. - Agency focal points of joint programmes must well versed in their own agency-specific rules and procedures. - It is often easy to get bogged down with procedures and lose sight of the long term goals and objectives of the joint programme.
Disaster and Early Recovery:Transitioning humanitarian clusters into early recovery working groups

To implement early recovery plans and programmes, the informal clusters largely responding to humanitarian needs, were restructured as early recovery working groups. The 6 UN-led working groups included NGO and government representatives.

Two major results achieved were the UN Early Recovery Framework (UN ERF) and the UN Lessons Learnt Workshop. The UN ERF mobilized new resources as well as filled resource gaps in several intervention areas.

Transaction costs:Coordination efforts to make the transition within a period of about six months was costly both in time and money: - 14 coordination meetings were held taking up 280 manhours (14 meetings x 2 hrs x 9 working groups + 1 RCO x 1 person= 280 hrs) - 51 working group meetings were held at a cost of 510 manhours (51 meetings x 2 hrs x 5 WGs x 1 persons = 510 hrs) - 3 consultants were engaged at a total cost of more than USD 80,000.
Achievements:- UN Early Recovery Framework was developed and became the basis for monitoring recovery activities. - Workshop on lessons learned from the Cyclone Sidr experience led to the formulation of UN Action Plan. - Information sharing through the Cyclone Sidr webpage reduced cost of information management for working groups.
Lessons learned:- Working group leads should have clear understanding of the leadership function. - cross-cutting issues should be integrated into major sectors rather than creating additional cross-cutting sectors. - UN activities needs to be integrated in major disaster management programmes like CDMP - It is important for the agencies to envisage the bigger picture of a joint framework.



   2009 Workplan

2009 Workplan
KEY RESULTS AREA Expected Outputs Perf. Indicators Actual Outputs at Year End Funds required/spent at Year End Additional support needed from HQ or Regional Director's Team Target Date
SRC UNCCF UN Agencies Other
Req Spt Req Spt Req Spt Req Spt Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
Coordination for Results (WORKPLAN09)
UNCT Contribution to the National Development Plan/Poverty Reduction Strategy/MD and MDGs plan UN support to formulation/implementation of relevant national strategies or plans e.g. JAS/NDP/PRSP

UN plan to support the implementation of the Millennium Declaration, including scaling up MDG initiatives *

UN support to capacity development strategies

UN assistance to national authorities for the preparation of the national report on the implementation of the Brussels Programme of Action of LDCs 4 *

Formulation/implementation of a transition plan or strategy 5

Other

Aid Coordination / Management / Paris Declaration Planned efforts to making use of national systems in the areas such as programme/project reporting, PRS/sectoral monitoring and evaluation systems, annual PRS/sectoral performance reviews, national procurement systems, etc

UN support to aid coordination/management

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

UN support to aid coordination/management 1. Strengthened donor coordination under LCG

2. Support to OECD/DAC Survey 2009

3. Principles of Paris Declaration promoted

4. Monitored Multi-donor fund (MDF)

1.1 Support to LCG Secretariat 1.2 Maintenance of LCG website/intranet

2.1 OECD/DAC survey report 3.1 Support to HAP cell in ERD/GoB

3.2 Support to development of Joint Cooperation Strategy (JCS)

3.3 Develop UN strategy for engagement with JCS exercise

4.1 MDF report

$0.00 $32,500.00 $0.00 $16,000.00

Other

UNDAF/Common Programming Efforts to align UN programme cycle with national development cycle * 1. Extension of UNDAF

2. Methodology for dovetailing UNDAF with JCS

1.1 Coordination with DOCO and GoB

2.1 Redefined Bangladesh UNDAF for next programme cycle

$3,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Preparation of CCA/UNDAF

Implementation of UNDAF M&E framework *

UNDAF Annual Review/ UNDAF Evaluation 1. UNDAF/CP Joint Annual review conducted

1.1 Joint Annual review (JAR)

1.2 JAR report

$3,500.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Other

Progress towards UNDAF outcomes (drawing from your UNDAF Annual Review)

Joint Programmes6 Preparation/ implementation of new Joint Programmes * 1. “Violence against women” implemented

1.1 Coordination support to implement VAW

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

M&E of Joint Programmes 1. Analysis of

- Lessons learnt from concept note submitted and MDG Achievement fund

- Draft models of joint programme

2. Joint monitoring of joint programmes

1. Report on the lessons learnt and different models of joint programme

2. Joint monitoring report

$14,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Other

HACT Plan for the roll-out/implementation 7 of HACT in the country * 1. Micro assessment of four ministries conducted

1. Micro assessment reports completed

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Strengthening national systems/capacities through HACT

Other

Gender Equality UN support to incorporation of gender equality in national planning processes (such as National Development Strategies; PRSPs; SWAPs; Joint Assistance Strategies, etc.)

Capacity development for Gender theme groups to support UNCT to respond to national priorities for gender equality.

Other

HIV/AIDS Establishment of Joint UN Team on AIDS and implementation of joint programme of support on AIDS *

UN support to the national response to AIDS through strengthening the Three Ones *

HIV/AIDS in the Workplace * 1. Awareness on HIV raised among UN staffs

1.1 Training/workshops

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Other

Human Rights Application of Human Right Based Approach

Strengthening the capacity of UNCTs to support national human rights protection systems 1. HR situation monitored regularly

1. Number of sitreps

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Other

Common Services and Premises Planned initiatives to increase cost-effectiveness of UN operations, incl. common administrative services and common arrangements in support of programme delivery (including Joint Office initiative) 1. Greater coherence in common services

1.1 Assessment of common vendor lists, LTAs, waiver of VAT payment 1.2 Other common services

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Planned initiatives on common premises 1. UN common premise

1.1 Progress towards ‘UN House’

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Other (specify)

Other (specify) Other (specify)

Coordination of Emergency Preparedness and Relief (WORKPLAN09)
Preparedness Coordination of emergency preparedness efforts of UNCT members and relevant humanitarian actors 1. Strengthened UNCT disaster response coordination

2. Strengthened LCG- DER and DMB

1.1 UNCT Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) for disaster response finalized

1.2 Developed and implemented 2009 disaster management plan 1.3 Sitreps prepared as and when necessary (UN RCO) 1.4 Develop NGO database with performance ratings

2.1 Implement DER strengthening proposal

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Relief Coordination of humanitarian operations 1. UN Early Recovery Action Plan evaluated

1.1 Evaluation report of Early Recovery Action Plan

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Establishment of Humanitarian Country Team

Development of a response plan 1. UN response framework on food price and nutrition implemented

2. Enhanced capacity to respond to AI emergency

1.1 Report on implementation of framework

2.1 AI Simulation exercise completed

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Other (specify) 1. Improved coordination with OCHA

1.1 Proposals and reports to OCHA during emergencies

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Advocy

Resource mobilization 1. Strengthened joint resource mobilization for emergency response

1.1 Off-the-shelf CERF and FLASH like templates developed

1.2 Coordinated UNCT response to DFID proposal of Humanitarian Multi Donor Trust Fund (HMDTF)

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

UN Advocacy and Resource Mobilization (WORKPLAN09)
Joint UNCT Advocacy and Communications Development/implementation of the UNCT communications/advocacy strategy & plan 1. Raised profile of UN

2. Increased coordination in advocacy initiatives

1.1 Observation of: 1.1.1 International Day of UN Peace Keepers

1.1.2 International Day of Peace

1.1.3 UN Day

1.1.4 Human Rights Day

1.2 UN website regularly updated

2.1 Common UN Communication thrust developed

2.2 UN Calendar for 2010

2.3 UN staffs briefed on UN reforms

2.4 UN value added learning package

$50,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Other (specify)

Joint UNCT Resource Mobilization Strategy Development/implementation of RM strategy

Other (specify)

Security Management (WORKPLAN09)
Security Duty station specific security risk assessment (SRA) for all locations in the country where UN staff are present

Implementation of mitigating measures as identified in SRA

Other

Up to date security plan

Security Management Team

Implementation of security training for staff

Non-Resident UN Agencies (WORKPLAN09)
Special measures to integrate non-resident UN agencies in UNCT processes Supporting the Involvement of non-resident UN agencies in the national strategic planning processes/ UN programming 1. Non-resident UN agencies supported

1.1 Logistic and other support provided as and when required

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Other (specify)

Coordination Capacity of the UNCT (WORKPLAN09)
Strengthening UNCT Coordination Capacity RCO Staffing 1. RCO expanded

1.1 Four staffs recruited

$34,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $10,000.00

Materials/Equipment

$15,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Training of UN staff 1. Field trips with focus on joint programmes

1.1 Number of field trips

$2,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Other (specify) 1. Improved UN Coordination

1.1 No. of UNCT meetings

1.2 UNCT annual retreat

1.3 2008 RCAR

1.4 Review of UN Strategy 2009

$26,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Other (specify)

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00


TOTAL $147,500.00 $32,500.00 $0.00 $26,000.00