2007 Resident Coordinator Annual Report
As indicated in the RC’s 2007 annual report from the UN Country Team in Afghanistan, insecurity is widening and deepening in many parts of the country, with a severe detrimental effect on access for, and implementation of, UN programmes. This trend continued throughout 2008, starting with the attack on the Serena Hotel in January, the attempted assassination of President Karzai in April, the jail-break from Kandahar prison in June, the attack that killed three UN staff in September, through to the suicide bomb just around the corner from the main UN compound in January 2009 and the simultaneous attacks on three Ministries in the city centre of Kabul in February, to name just some of the most visible incidents. Overall, the number of incidents recorded by DSS has risen by 31% to over 740 per month.

In contrast, it is encouraging that all four phases of voter registration, covering the entire country, have gone smoothly, with the number of registered voters exceeding the expectations of the Independent Election Commission (IEC) by far. The election date has not yet been set. The preparation of the elections and their outcome are expected in many ways to determine the environment for UN programmes throughout the year.

While there have been positive developments in the relations between the Afghan leadership and its counterparts in neighbouring countries, the regional dimension to the extremely complex challenges Afghanistan is facing should not be underestimated. The focus on Pakistan is in some ways justified given that almost the entire length of the shared border represents the most insecure part of Afghanistan, but it is also clear that stability cannot be achieved without a more shared commitment by Iran, the Central Asian countries, China, India, and Russia.

The broad consultations to formulate the Afghanistan National Development Strategy and its presentation in Paris in June 2008 were major milestones, but without a more coherent and determined follow-up, the opportunity for making solid progress in its implementation might be lost. Following the Paris agreements, the Joint Monitoring and Coordination Board (JCMB) held its IXth meeting in September to refine the follow-up mechanisms and set up a Standing Committees on Security, on the Rule of Law, Human Rights, and Governance, and on Socio-economic Development, as well as a special committee on counternarcotics). The Xth JCMB meeting in November defined five top priorities for urgent action (agriculture, capacity-building, energy, higher education and vocational training, and private sector development), endorsed an increase in the staffing of the Afghan National Army, and reviewed reforms to improve sub-national governance. The upcoming XIth JCMB meeting will deal with agriculture, private sector development and aid effectiveness.

The expectations for the United Nations system to deliver in this situation are very high. The Government of Afghanistan and donors have asked the UN to take a stronger role and re-establish a civilian lead on international support to stabilisation and development. Given the complex challenges both in terms of substance and process, the UN system needs to pull together all the capacity and expertise of the 31 members of the UN Country Team to help fulfil UNAMA’s broadened mandate.

Given the recurrent nature and country-wide impact of disasters in Afghanistan, OCHA decided in 2008 to re-establish a dedicated office in the country. The launch of the 2009 Humanitarian Action Plan is an important step towards providing the coordination and leadership on humanitarian issues that is expected of the UN. It was developed in parallel with the UNDAF and in close collaboration with both national and international NGOs.

The support of the UN Development Operation Coordination Office (DOCO) has been pivotal throughout 2008. Many achievements could not have been possible without DOCO’s temporary staffing support as well as advice on planning and policy.

Summary on progress towards UNDAF outcomes


UN Development Assistance Framework in Support of the ANDS The current UNDAF, which has been extended up to the end of 2009 to align the UN programming cycle with that of the ANDS, is too broad and has not sufficiently provided UN agencies with the direction and mechanisms to better focus efforts. As it was drafted at a time when the country was relatively stable, the current UNDAF failed to anticipate the rapid change in the security environment. There have not been sufficient follow up mechanisms to measure progress and often agencies have taken their lead from donors who insisted on rapid disbursements and focused on specific parts of the country.

Immediately following the Government’s presentation of the ANDS in June 2008, the RC Office organised a workshop with the UNCT’s main partners to launch the UNDAF process. This was followed in July by training on the Human Rights Based Approach with Government representatives. In August and September an analysis of underlying causes of the conflict and Afghanistan’s development challenges was conducted to complement the poverty profile of the ANDS. On the basis of this causal analysis and an assessment of the UN system’s comparative advantages, the UNCT agreed to focus on three areas of intervention: “Governance, Peace and Stability,” “Sustainable Livelihoods: Agriculture, Food Security and Income Opportunities” and “Basic Social Services: Health, Education, and Water and Sanitation.” Throughout these three priority areas, the UN is particularly well placed to address the nexus between stability and poverty alleviation through a human rights-based approach. A second round of consultations was held in October, during which partners validated the three areas of intervention and agreed on the main outcomes and outputs for the UNCT to focus on to 2013. Through January 2009, three working groups drafted the full document and the matrix of results. The UNDAF has been circulated for external consultations in February and will be finalised in March. In January and February 2009, UNDP, UNFPA, and UNICEF developed their Country Programme Documents (CPD) in line with the UNDAF outcomes and outputs. All CPDs have been formulated in consultation with Government counterparts and other partners. FAO and WHO have also based their country cooperation strategies on early drafts of the UNDAF.

The UNCT has striven to make the UNDAF not only an internal framework for UN programming but also an external tool for reaching out and communicating on the work of the UN in Afghanistan. The document proposes innovative approaches, including the delivery of comprehensive provincial packages, the creation of a UN common fund, and the communication of the objectives through mottoes that are easy to grasp and to remember.

Summary on progress in UN Reform


a. UNAMA as an integrated mission To fulfil the UNAMA mandate and help the Government lead the integrated approach bringing together political, development and military efforts to stabilise Afghanistan and implement the ANDS, UNAMA has begun to expand its capacity both in Kabul and particularly in eight regional and eleven provincial offices (five more are due to open over the coming months). The agencies of the UNCT, which account for USD 3.5 billion in current programming, are also increasing their presence in the field, especially in stable provinces which so far have not received adequate peace dividends.

b. Afghanistan National Development Strategy & June 2008 Paris Conference The UN System has aligned behind the June 2008 Paris Agenda for Afghanistan by agreeing on three new strategic priorities: First, to strengthen efforts at the sub-national level, especially in terms of governance and capacity building. More specifically, the UN committed to provide stronger technical support to counterpart line ministries in provinces and districts so that people can witness progress in the Government’s capacity to deliver basic services. Second, the UN will strive to better support rural communities so that they gain greater access to income, especially in the agricultural sector. Third, UN agencies have decided to join efforts and expertise through joint programming in five or six provinces that so far have received very little investment, to significantly change the lives of the people in these areas of focus. These comprehensive provincial packages will be supported by a UN common fund that will ensure a greater coherence of UN activities.

c. Human Rights mainstreaming (Action II) Action II Human Rights mainstreaming highlights the connection between human rights and poverty reduction / socio-economic development. The Central Highlands region, where socio-economic indicators are particularly low, but the socio-cultural and security environment is more conducive to development efforts than in other parts of Afghanistan, a pilot initiative bringing together UN, government and civil society was successfully launched. Future objectives include strengthening of provincial level processes to promote a human rights based approach to development.

d. Joint Programmes, joint initiatives and HACT The UN in Afghanistan is currently implementing six joint programmes, including one under the MDG Fund. The UNCT has drafted three more joint programmes for the MDG Fund: one on “justice for peace” is in the final stages of review, and concept notes have been submitted for the two others on “nutrition, food security and children” and on “private sector development.” These new joint programmes were designed building on the solid existing experience with ongoing joint programmes. The main changes carried out concern coordination mechanisms, joint resource mobilisation and communication strategies and a clearer focus on fewer objectives and more limited geographic areas in order to increase impact.

In addition, UN agencies have continued to implement numerous joint initiatives including governance at the sub-national level (UNAMA and UNDP), elections (UNDP, IOM and UNOPS), justice (UNAMA and UNDP), and border management (UNOPS, IOM, UNODC and UNCTAD - a non-resident agency); support to employment centres (UNDP and ILO), and response to the needs of returnees and IDPs (UNHCR, WFP, UNICEF, WHO); as well as school feeding (WFP and UNICEF), food for TB patients (WFP and WHO), country-wide vaccination campaigns (UNICEF and WHO) and mine clearance of World Cultural Heritage sites in Bamyan (MACCA and UNESCO).

A comprehensive HACT training session was conducted in January 2009, and UNDP, UNICEF and UNFPA committed to becoming HACT-compliant by 1 January 2010, in time for the implementation of their new Country Programmes under the new UNDAF. The Ministry of Finance pledged full support to the process and agreed to be represented in the HACT Task Force. The Task Force is in the process of listing partners and assessing the 2007 World Bank/DFID public finance management review as the basis for the macro-assessment.

Key aspects of the proposed 2009 workplan


At its 2009 retreat, the UNCT agreed on the following priorities:

i. Joint programmes The RC Office will continue to support the revision of joint programmes through consultative processes and the strengthening of communication strategies. The RCO will play a greater role in mobilising resources, including through the UN common fund.

ii. Outreach / communication The RC Office has approached a strategic communication consultant to explore ways to better brand the UN Agencies, Funds and Programmes in Afghanistan and to show the work that has been accomplished by the UN. The UN will refine the way it addresses different target audiences and will strive to extend its outreach to rural Afghans through radio campaigns and other appropriate channels, with tailored approaches for each region. The UNCT will jointly communicate with simple messages to underscore the UN’s primary role in peace building and development.

iii. UNDAF process & mechanism The UNCT, after finalising the UNDAF document, will concentrate on developing mechanisms for its implementation. First the UNCT is to select the five or six provinces in which UN agencies will programme jointly. The criteria for selection include, but are not limited to, (i) very low socio-economic indicators, (ii) relative low investment by donors and by the government in the province, (iii) relative security and (iv) good relations between the provincial government and the UN. Second, the UNCT will set up a UN common fund with the relevant mechanisms including oversight, management and disbursement. Third, the RC Office will support the development of strong coordination structures at the provincial level for delivering the comprehensive provincial packages. Fourth, a joint monitoring and evaluation framework will be designed to measure progress towards UNDAF/ANDS objectives.

Recommendations


The expectation for the United Nations to deliver in the complex context of widening insecurity and diminished access for implementation of programming is higher than ever. The year 2009 will be a vital year for the Country Team in Afghanistan to deliver on coordination, capacity and expertise not only under a new National Strategy but to the Government and population at large. The finalisation of the UNDAF will pave the way for strategic programming and direct support to the implementation of the ANDS.

The challenges on the ground in Afghanistan require that we focus all our efforts on being as effective as we can both in our internal and external coordination. Consequently, we would like to underscore that it is of utmost importance that the headquarters and regional offices of the UN focus on how best processes on the ground can be facilitated. At times, it appears the field is only partly consulted on plans for new arrangements and reporting requirements. Two such examples include the timing of Country Programme Document cycle, for which the gap between the submission deadline to headquarters and the beginning of implementation has been widened (to a full year) rather than narrowed, and this Annual Report of the Resident Coordinator, which despite requests every year to reduce, simplify and adapt better to the needs of the actual target audience keeps growing.

The work of the UN in Afghanistan is yet again at a crucial turning point. If we are to live up to the expectations of UNAMA as a capable leader on political efforts and coordination, and of the UN agencies as examples of strategic coherence, we need to reinforce our shared vision, implementation and communication. The Resident Coordinator and the UNCT are fully committed to this task, and we look forward to the support of our colleagues in the regional offices and headquarters.




   2008 Results and Use of Funds

2008 Results and Use of Funds
Part One: Progress towards UNDAF outcomes (Results 2008)
Key Result Area Outcome Name Indicate Total Budget Per Outcome Provide an indicative budget delivery amount per outcome in 2008.    Comments
UNDAFOutcome 1By 2008, Government at all levels and civil society, including communities and individuals, are better enabled to realise improved governance based on the rule of law and human rights, with particular emphasis on women and marginalized groups$229,000,000.00$220,000,000.00 
UNDAFOutcome 2By 2008, more Afghans, particularly vulnerable groups, will have increased and equitable access to assets, activities and entitlements that improve individuals’ sustainable means of living$494,000,000.00$150,000,000.00 
UNDAFOutcome 3By 2008, equity and access is improved for quality health and education services, as well as food security and nutrition improved, especially for women and girls$273,000,000.00$110,000,000.00 
UNDAFOutcome 4By 2008, development & implementation of environment and natural resource policies at all levels of Government for proper management of natural resources [NOTE: Most funding cited under this total budget belongs and is reported under OUTCOME 1]$370,000,000.00$3,000,000.00 
UNDAFOutcome 5$0.00$0.00 
PART 1 TOTAL $1,366,000,000.00 $483,000,000.00
Part Two: Coordination Results
Key Results Area Expected Outputs1 Performance Indicators2 Actual Outputs at Year End Funds required/spent at Year End Additional Support Needed from HQ or Regional Director's Team Target Date
SRC UNCCF Transition Un Agencies3 Other
Required Spent Required Spent Required Spent Required Spent Required Spent Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
Result Area 1: Coordination for Results
UNCT Contribution to the National Development Plan/Poverty Reduction Strategy
UN support to formulation/implementation of relevant national strategies or plans e.g. JAS/NDP/PRSP A quality ANDS is finalized, realistic sector strategies and sector costing

The UN supports the launch of national programmes at the sub-national level

The Afghan Info is launched in 2008 and contributes to the monitoring and reporting of the ANDS and the MDGs

The UNCT informed and consulted on the implementation of the Compact benchmarks at least 3 times a year (before each JCMB) Completion of ANDS sector strategies and sector costing (UNAMA and UNDP: ANDS project)

Sub national justice programme initiated (UNDP, UNAMA) Implementation of IDLG strategic plan initiated (UNDP, UNAMA)

Number of government staff trained in AfghanInfo Number of report produced by AfghanInfo Number of civil servants trained

A quality ANDS is finalized, realistic sector strategies and sector costing

The UN supports the launch of national programmes at the sub-national level

The Afghan Info is launched in 2008 and contributes to the monitoring and reporting of the ANDS and the MDGs

$4,000.00 $34,700.00 $34,700.00

       
UN plan to support the implementation of the Millennium Declaration and/or the UNDG Action Plan on the Development Outcome of the World Summit (MDG Action Plan) * Implementation / creation of joint programmes that support the achievement of the MGDs

One joint programme launched to support MDG 7 (Environment) One joint programme designed to support MDG 3 (Gender equality) The Maternal Mortality Reduction Joint Programme reviewed and strengthened to better support the achievement of MDG 5 Other joint programmes developed with specific indicators to measure progress towards the relevant MDGs

Implementation / creation of joint programmes that support the achievement of the MGDs

       
UN support to capacity development strategies

       
UN assistance to national authorities for the preparation of the national report on the implementation of the Brussels Programme of Action of LDCs 4 * Report on the implementation of the Brussels Programme of Action produced by the Government with the support of the UN.

Reporting lead by the Government

Report on the implementation of the Brussels Programme of Action not yet produced by the Government with the support of the UN.

$5,000.00

       
Formulation/implementation of a transition plan or strategy 5

       
Other

       
Aid Coordination / Management / Paris Declaration
Planned efforts to making use of national systems in the areas such as programme/project reporting, PRS/sectoral monitoring and evaluation systems, annual PRS/sectoral performance reviews, national procurement systems, etc The Government receives timely and quality responses from the UN on the Paris Declaration Survey

The Paris Declaration monitoring survey is fully completed by all UN agencies Strong qualitative outputs provided UN agencies

The Government receives timely and quality responses from the UN on the Paris Declaration Survey

       
UN support to aid coordination/management UN reporting is more accurate and more timely

An action plan is designed by the UNCT to improve UN aid coordination and harmonization in the light of the recommendations of the 2008 Paris Declaration Survey

Number of UN finance focal points trained (please refer to result area 4) Number of quarterly reports submitted on time to the government All UN core fund are reported in the Harmonized Reporting Format (that feeds in the DAD)

UN weaknesses in terms of aid coordination / harmonization are identified Set of actions developped by the UNCT to help the Government meets the targets set by the Paris Declaration

UN reporting is more accurate and more timely

An action plan is designed by the UNCT to improve UN aid coordination and harmonization in the light of the recommendations of the 2008 Paris Declaration Survey

       
Other

       
UNDAF/Common Programming
Efforts to align UN programme cycle with national development cycle * Current CPAPs extended to 2009

Preparation of a one-year extension CPAP by Ex Com agencies and submission to the Regional Directors' Team MoFA and key line ministries are fully informed of the process

Current CPAPs extended to 2009

       
Preparation of CCA/UNDAF UNDAF process initiated

Afghanistan CCA based on the ANDS UNDAF process starts with the publication of the final ANDS UNDAF fully aligned with the ANDS

UNDAF process initiated

$30,000.00 $20,000.00

       
Implementation of UNDAF M&E Framework * UNDAF M&E framework partially developed

The M&E framework uses existing government framework (JCMB, ANDS)

UNDAF M&E framework partially developed

       
UNDAF Annual Review/ UNDAF Evaluation End of cycle review

Report issued on final review Integration of lessons identified in the UNDAF formulation

UNCT decided to focus on ANDS, causal analysis and assessment of UN comparative advantage, as old UNDAF was deemed no longer applicable due to the substantially changed security environment. A brief lessons learned review is nonetheless included in the new UNDAF.

$10,000.00

       
Other

       
Joint Programmes6
Preparation/ implementation of new Joint Programmes * One new joint programme launched

Finalized proposal of a joint programme for implementing the National Action Plan for the Women of Afghanistan (NAPWA)

Approval of the proposal for a joint programme on MDG Environment (MDG 7) by the Spain MDG Achievement Fund and implementation initiated (UNDP, FAO)

Revision of previous initiative to develop a joint programme supporting the government's implementation of the NAPWA Submission of a joint program proposal to concerned funding agencies for consideration

Joint programme on MDG Environment (MDG 7) approved by the Spain MDG Achievement Fund and implementation initiated (UNDP, FAO)

Joint programme on MDG Nutrition (MDG 1) approved by the Spain MDG Achievement Fund (FAO, UNICEF, WFP)

       
M&E of Joint Programmes Reviewed and reinforced joint programmes leading to increased integration and to increased support to the ANDS and MDGs

Resource mobilization plan developed for all joint programmes Funding commitment secured from major donors, with all joint programmes funded up to 80 %

Government present in all joint programmes' meetings and Government responsibilities increased All joint programmes have a logframe All joint programmes clearly link their objectives and expected outputs with the relevant objectives of the ANDS and the MDGs An end-of-the-year report shows the progress towards the achievement of the ANDS and the MDGs All joint programme's managers meet at least 2 times to share lessons learnt Establishment of youth consultations at the provincial level

Participatory funding benchmarks agreed upon and responsibilities assigned Fundraising for joint programmes during UNAMA press briefings, ambassadors briefings and other donor consultative mechanisms (tea Club etc) JP communication campaigns includes a fund raising aspect Website created for the Youth programme Implementation of communication campaigns to raise awareness on joint programmes

Reviewed and reinforced joint programmes leading to increased integration and to increased support to the ANDS and MDGs

Funding commitment secured from major donors

$95,000.00 $40,000.00

       
Other Action plans and strategies are coordinated and agreed upon with the respective counterpart agencies (UNODC, WB, FAO, IOM and WFP)

Responsibilities and intervention timelines are clear for each participating agency Intervention localities are identified and staff members involved are assigned Partnership's coordinators meet at least 3 times to share lessons learnt

Action plans and strategies are coordinated and agreed upon with the respective counterpart agencies (UNODC, WB, FAO, IOM and WFP)

       
HACT
Plan for the roll-out/implementation 7 of HACT in the country * Preparation for the HACT implementation is finalized, so Afghanistan is HACT compliant by 1 February 2009

All relevant staff of ex-com agencies are trained Implementing partners are fully informed on the roll-out of the HACT A macro assessment is conducted Micro-assessments are conducted Cash modalities and assurance activities are agreed upon with implementing partners An operational manual procedure is developed Implementing partners are trained on new procedures and reporting format

Training conducted, plan drafted

$30,000.00 $5,000.00

       
Strengthening national systems/capacities through HACT

       
Other

       
Gender Equality
UN support to incorporation of gender equality in national planning processes (such as National Development Strategies; PRSPs; SWAPs; Joint Assistance Strategies, etc.) MOWA capacity strengthened

UN active participation in the relevant ANDS Consultative Group (CG) and Working Group (WG) and support to MoWA for enhancing the capacity of these groups

MOWA, along with other ministries, supported for better integrating programmatic planning and budgeting approach (UNDP, UNIFEM) Number of initiatives implemented by MoWA after decisions are taken in the relevant CG and WG

MOWA capacity strengthened

UN active participation in the relevant ANDS Consultative Group (CG) and Working Group (WG) and support to MoWA for enhancing the capacity of these groups

$18,000.00

       
Capacity development for gender theme groups to support UNCT to respond to national priorities for gender equality Gender briefing for new gender advisors on the ANDS Gender Equity Cross Cutting Strategy (AGE-CCS) Briefing of the UNCT and key staff on the AGE-CCS

Consolidated UN technical assistance plan for ministries in line with the implementation of the AGE-CCS

Number of new gender advisers provided with briefings on AGE-CCS and the status of gender mainstreaming in Afghanistan Number of key staff of UN and UNCT senior officials who are aware and supportive of AGE-CCS

Integrated UN agencies' performance report on gender, for inclusion to UN SG's periodic report on The Situation in Afghanistan

       
Other

       
HIV/AIDS
Establishment of Joint UN Team on AIDS and implementation of joint programme of support on AIDS * Functional Joint UN Team on AIDS established by July 2008

Monthly coordination meetings between UN AIDS team and the Government for the implementation of the National AIDS Control Program (NACP)

UNAIDS representative visits Kabul and follows up with UNCT

       
UN support to the national response to AIDS through strengthening the Three Ones * Through the UN Joint Team on AIDS' advice and support, the NACP is able to support a one AIDS action framework and to develop a country-level monitoring and evaluation system.

Timely roll out of the Project Implementation Plan on HIV/AIDS, with strong government leadership. All HIV/AIDS response projects and activities fall within the national action framework.

UNAIDS representative visits Kabul and follows up with UNCT.

       
HIV/AIDS in the Workplace Increased staff awareness on HIV/AIDS risks and ways of protection both in Kabul and in the field

An HIV/AIDS focal point is appointed in each agency A strategy for addressing HIV/AIDS related risk vulnerabilities is developed by the UN Joint Team on AIDS A Voluntary Confidential Counselling and Testing training is included in the Peer Helper training At least 3 awareness sessions are organized in agencies where no such sessions where previously organized

Increased staff awareness on HIV/AIDS risks and ways of protection both in Kabul and in the field

$5,000.00

       
Other

       
Human Rights
Application of Human Right Based Approach Completion of Action 2 project focussing on rights based programming (social and economic rights)

Number of trainers trained on right based programming Number of UN agencies' implementing partners trained on right based approach Number of related workshops / consultations conducted

Completion of Action 2 project focussing on rights based programming (social and economic rights)

$60,000.00 $60,000.00

       
Strengthening the capacity of UNCTs to support national human rights protection systems

       
Other Protection of civilians

Parties to the conflict have increased awareness on the obligations to protect civilians in armed conflicts

Decreased number of civilian casualties Workshops are organized at the regional level for greater reach out

Protection of civilians

Parties to the conflict have increased awareness on the obligations to protect civilians in armed conflicts

       
Coordination of Humanitarian/Natural Disaster Operations
Coordination of humanitarian operations Response and preparedness systems improved

A humanitarian Information Unit is built

ANDMA demonstrates greater ability in coordination and planning for disasters (UNAMA, UNDP) Number of UNDAC recommendations that are implemented by ANDMA Kunduz Disaster Preparedness and Response plan finalized (UNDP) Central HAO unit effectively functioning and regional HAO officers able to effectively undertake their task including in humanitarian coordination.

Recruitment of technical expertise Collection, analysis and dissemination of information

Response and preparedness systems improved

OCHA presence decided and prepared

       
Preparation of crisis prevention/natural disaster operations/plans

       
Contingency Plan initiatives Prevention / management of mass return of Afghans from Pakistan due to camp closures Prevention / management of deportation of Afghans from Iran

UN Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Plan is updated The Government's Influenza preparedness plan is updated, with the assistance of the UN

A contingency plan is developed for both scenarios Returnees and deportees are protected Humanitarian needs of Returnees and deportees are met

UN Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Plan tested by simulation exercises The Government updated plan is disseminated throughout relevant ministries

Prevention / management of mass return of Afghans from Pakistan due to camp closures Prevention / management of deportation of Afghans from Iran UN Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Plan is updated The Government's Influenza preparedness plan is updated, with the assistance of the UN

       
Other Rolling out of the humanitarian reform agenda in Afghanistan

Increased participation of the UNCT in the existing civil-military coordination mechanism

A humanitarian action plan for Afghanistan is developed Decisions on the reform are taken in consultation with all actors

Number of UN agencies present at the Civ-mil working group

Rolling out of the humanitarian reform agenda in Afghanistan Increased participation of the UNCT in the existing civil-military coordination mechanism

       
Security
Security Management Team

UNCT can continue to operate despite deteriorating security environment

$1,000.00

       
UNCT Security Plan

       
Other

       
Common Services and Premises
Planned initiatives to increase cost-effectiveness of UN operations, incl. common administrative services and common arrangements in support of programme delivery (including Joint Office initiative) Increased access to Common Services

Enhanced and formal information exchange on a regular basis

Harmonized services and policies

One UN common medical facilities is available to all staff One travel agency services the needs of all UN agencies

An Information and Communication Technology working group is created A mechanism is formalised to get references on staff recruited for Afghanistan A mechanism is established to exchange information on contractors / suppliers and vendors An assessment is conducted to review the merit of a central procurement facility with registered lists of suppliers that would be compiled collectively

A UNCT decision is taken on coordinated implementation of payment with the local currency for local suppliers and national staff Provision of transport is streamlined for staff in Kabul In light of the evolving security situation, the APA is changed from Islamabad to a safer duty station A more cost-effective and acceptable solution for security and cleaning services is found by the OMT OMT successfully gains intervention from OMTs in the region for facilitating travel and transit facilities for UN staff and those associated with the UN when travelling on official business Access to UN terminal is harmonized

OMT dormant, some largely adhoc forms of common services exist, to be expanded in 2009.

       
Planned initiatives on common premises

       
Other

       
Other (specify)
Other (specify) Regional cooperation Area 1: Intra-country team collaboration on health

A cross-border Action Plan for health is drafted by Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan

Area 2: Triangular Initiative on counter-narcotics The Triangular Initiative (cross border cooperation among Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran) adopt cooperation mechanisms and a Joint Action Plan for 2008

UN programme delivery's coverage More coherent, geographically balanced, cost-efficient, and expanded UN presence and impact in the provinces

Funding secured for the tri-nations conference on health The conference is held in Kabul with the presence of the three Ministers of Public Health The Action Plan is drafted and agreed upon

Tringular Initiative Ministerial meeting held during the second quarter of 2008, in Iran Activities scheduled for 2008 are initiated in the three countries

At least one UN joint programme is implemented in each region At least one joint mission of HoAs is organized in each region The Provincial Mapping of UN Activities (PMUNA) is used for informing decisions on programmes' locations

Resources to provide security to UN staff in the East, Southeast and South regions are increased Effective programme delivery methods in insecure areas are used by more UN agencies New provincial co-location agreements are signed

Regional cooperation Area 1: Intra-country team collaboration on health

A cross-border Action Plan for health is drafted by Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan

Area 2: Triangular Initiative on counter-narcotics The Triangular Initiative (cross border cooperation among Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran) adopt cooperation mechanisms and a Joint Action Plan for 2008

UN programme delivery's coverage More coherent, geographically balanced, cost-efficient, and expanded UN presence and impact in the provinces

$5,000.00 $120,000.00 $120,000.00

       
Result Area 2: UN Advocacy and Resource Mobilization
Joint UNCT Advocacy and Communications
Development/implementation of the UNCT communications/advocacy strategy & plan UN perceived as: responsive (maximum outreach), credible, trusted, practical (no UN jargon, action oriented) and honest (evidence based)

UN provincial maps (who does what where) developed, disseminated and sustained, and fed into the Afghan Info when applicable

Number of media events organized in the field to promote UN joint programmes Number of UN campaigns designed and implemented on specific issues (Counter-Narcotics, anti-corruption, protection of the environment...) Number of targeted UN communication campaigns at the regional level Number of media means used to implement these campaigns

Update and distribution of maps mapping UN presence and activities on a semi-annual basis

UN perceived as: responsive (maximum outreach), credible, trusted, practical (no UN jargon, action oriented) and honest (evidence based)

UN provincial maps (who does what where) developed, disseminated and sustained, and fed into the Afghan Info when applicable

$75,000.00

       
Other

       
Joint UNCT Resource Mobilization Strategy
Development/implementation of RM strategy

       
Other

       
Result Area 3: Non-Resident UN Agencies
Special measures to integrate non-resident UN agencies in UNCT processes
Supporting the Involvement of non-resident UN agencies in the national strategic planning processes/ UN programming Relevant non-resident UN agencies are well informed to take part in the UNDAF development

General information, final ANDS and sector strategies are shared with non-resident UN agencies Support is provided for visiting missions of non-resident agencies Non-resident agencies are requested to provide inputs for the next UNDAF

Relevant non-resident UN agencies are well informed to take part in the UNDAF development

       
Other

       
Result Area 4: Coordination Capacity of the UNCT
Strengthening UNCT Coordination Capacity
RCO Staffing RC Office fully staffed

Opening of a senior assistant position

The P5 Senior Coordination Advisor is hired

A senior assistant supports the RC Office on data collection (for mapping, communication, meeting preparation, data compilation for the government…) and minutes drafting National officer more focused on joint programmes

The P5 Senior Coordination Advisor is hired. DOCO bridging staff for 6 weeks.

$15,000.00 $10,000.00

       
Materials/Equipment

$3,000.00

       
Training of UN staff UN Finance focal points are trained on financial reporting to the government

Civil military coordination training

Number of finance focal points trained Positive feedback from the Ministry of Finance on UN financial reporting

Number of UN staff trained in Civ-mil coordination

HRBA training, programming results

$2,000.00 $2,000.00

       
Other Team building

Organization of the UNCT retreat and UNCT workplan quarterly reviews Organization of brown bags

Afghanistan UN staff participate in the UN Games 2008

Clear action plans drafted and implemented on all relevant issues identified by the UNCT UNCT members are well informed and engaged in discussions over current matters

Number of agencies represented Ratio of UN financial support versus total cost

Organization of the UNCT retreat. Afghanistan UN staff participate in the UN Games 2008.

$35,000.00 $30,000.00

       

TOTAL $311,000.00 $129,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $94,700.00 $94,700.00 $0.00 $0.00 $120,000.00 $120,000.00



   Joint Programmes

Joint Programmes
Title Theme Linkages to MDGs and UNDAF outcomes Duration (from/to) Fund management Modality Manag. agent Admin. agent National or local partners and donors Total budget Financial contribution
Emergency Customs Modernization and Trade Facilitation Governance and democracy 0

2004 - 2009 Parallel
UNIDO UNIDO Afghan Standard Authority (ANSA)

$1,301,402.00
WB WB$1,301,402.00
Supporting Nutrition Food Security and Livelihood in Afghanistan* Food security 0

2008 - 2010 Pooled
FAO FAO MAIL, MoPH, MoED, MOLA, MOWA, AKDN, Meast. Afghan aid,

$2,764,160.00
$2,764,160.00
Peace Through Justice * Human Rights UNDAF outcome A

2009 - 2011 Pass-through
UNDP UNDP JoJ, AGO, SC

$6,500,000.00
Strengthened Approach for the Integration of Sustainable Environmental Management in Afghanistan Environment MDG7

2008 - 2011 Pass-through
UNDP UNFPA MoAIL, NEPA, UNEP

$500,000.00
nillGovernment of Spain$500,000.00
Maternal Mortality Reduction Health MDG5 & MDG3

2006 - 2008 UNICEF UNICEF MoPH

$5,482,650.00
Afghanistan Integrated Functional Literacy Initiative Education MDG2& MDG3

2006 - 2008 UNESCO UNESCO MoE

$18,342,399.00
Healthy School Initiative Education MDG2

2006 - 2008 UNICEF UNICEF MoE, MoPH,MRRD,

$18,342,399.00
The Green Afghanistan Initiative Environment MDG1 & MDG7

2005 - 2010 WFP WFP MoLA, MoE, NEPA,

$5,768,434.00
Joint National Youth Programme Youth & adolescents UNDAF outcome B& C

2007 - 2009 UNDP UNDP

$21,443,000.00



   Coordination Procedures and Practices

Coordination practices and procedures
CP Results Recommendations to DGO
Adequate staffing of RCO: To serve the 31 members of the UNCT in Afghanistan and perform the numerous tasks required to strengthen internal coherence and external coordination.

Transaction costs:Very high (too high): Strong DPKO resistance to the idea of bringing staffing up to the 7 indicated in the 2008 budget meant that it took two months to get permission to even begin recruitment (with large amounts of time and energy invested in many rounds of negotiation), and then almost three months from the date of the interviews for offers to be issued. Offer coordination officers a career perspective. How come we're surprised that it's difficult to find qualified candidates for RC posts?
Achievements:The RCO will be staffed with 5 internationals and 3 national officers in 2009. This will allow the team to help the UNCT make good on the top priorities of strengthening joint programming and communications, to set up effective mechanisms for UNDAF implementation and M&E, to establish better information management, in addition to the many tasks cited in this report.
Lessons learned:If coordination is taken seriously, it can not be left to individual junior staff, even if many coordination officers have indeed performed well beyond the call of duty. If OCHA is understood to require 80 staff to support humanitarian coordination, how can the RCO be expected to fulfil its role on the development side with not even 10% of that number?
ATLAS, RCAR and other HQ-driven mechanisms Intended purpose: Apparently greater coherence and effectiveness Unintended effect: Disproportionate burden on staff in the field, less coherence, less transparency

Transaction costs:Very high / much too high: Hundreds of hours of very expensive staff time are lost because the systems that are meant to save our time do the exact opposite. Make sure mechanisms are tested and evaluated by field staff before they are proposed - not through comments on guidelines, but in actual practice. Also, make clear what the information collected is used for, and assess how much staff time this is actually worth.
Achievements:ATLAS forces us to spend hours of staff time for the simplest payments. Frankly, often staff prefer to pay for things out of their own pocket rather than have to process a payment through ATLAS. Rather than being an enabling tool that helps RCOs clarify the work of the UNCT and their own support to it, the RCAR itself has become purely a reporting burden.
Lessons learned:If we want the UN to be credible as an organisation that promotes sound planning, coherence, transparence and accountability, these systems need to be radically simplified.



   2009 Workplan

2009 Workplan
KEY RESULTS AREA Expected Outputs Perf. Indicators Actual Outputs at Year End Funds required/spent at Year End Additional support needed from HQ or Regional Director's Team Target Date
SRC UNCCF UN Agencies Other
Req Spt Req Spt Req Spt Req Spt Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
Coordination for Results (WORKPLAN09)
UNCT Contribution to the National Development Plan/Poverty Reduction Strategy/MD and MDGs plan UN support to formulation/implementation of relevant national strategies or plans e.g. JAS/NDP/PRSP First ANDS report produced and donors more strongly aligned

Support for report facilitated through RCO and high quality, intensive, consistent consultations with and inputs from other UNAMA partners

$50,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

UN plan to support the implementation of the Millennium Declaration, including scaling up MDG initiatives * Please refer to above

Please refer to above

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

UN support to capacity development strategies UNKT members support the Agency for Coordination of Development and European Integration (ACDEI ) through direct capacity-building support.

UNKT support the Assembly of Kosovo in development of the MDG action plan

The ACDEI’s capacity is strengthened through the establishment of 2 focal points in each of the sub-directorates who engage with the respective UN agencies on a regular basis.

Awareness raised from Kosovo parliamentarians and implementation of MDG declaration initiated and monitored by Kosovo institutions.

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

UN assistance to national authorities for the preparation of the national report on the implementation of the Brussels Programme of Action of LDCs 4 * Please refer to above

Please refer to above

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Formulation/implementation of a transition plan or strategy 5 Under the leadership of the Special Advisor to the UN Development Coordinator, the UNKT members support UNMIK in the implementation of the Secretary General’s Decision on integration (2008/24) including but not limited to the redefinition of the role of UNKT in a post UNMIK environment.

UNDC participates in the UNMIK led UN Task force and provides regular updates to all UN agencies as well as ensure the participation and / or consultation of relevant agencies on issues relevant to their mandate.

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Other

Aid Coordination / Management / Paris Declaration Planned efforts to making use of national systems in the areas such as programme/project reporting, PRS/sectoral monitoring and evaluation systems, annual PRS/sectoral performance reviews, national procurement systems, etc Not applicable given the UN status neutrality

Not applicable

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

UN support to aid coordination/management Joint Coordination and Monitoring Board (JCMB) and its underlying structures function as main decision-making body on ANDS implementation. Donor alignment with the ANDS and Paris priorities and reporting to Government of Afghanistan Development Assistance Database (DAD) improved

Donor Coordination and alignment across all ANDS pillars significantly improved and strengthened

$50,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Other

UNDAF/Common Programming Efforts to align UN programme cycle with national development cycle * UNDAF implementation mechanisms in place

RCO facilitates setting up and running of groups and task forces

$0.00 $50,000.00 $0.00 $0.00

Preparation of CCA/UNDAF Please refer to above

Please refer to above

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Implementation of UNDAF M&E framework * Please refer to above

Please refer to above

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

UNDAF Annual Review/ UNDAF Evaluation

Other

Progress towards UNDAF outcomes (drawing from your UNDAF Annual Review) Please refer to above

Please refer to above

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Joint Programmes6 Preparation/ implementation of new Joint Programmes * Joint Programming improved

RCO facilitates, reviews, supports mobilisers for fundraising. RC engages in fund raising. Agencies poractively review and create workplans to strengthen joint implementation especially at the field level

$0.00 $0.00 $80,000.00 $0.00

M&E of Joint Programmes

Other

HACT Plan for the roll-out/implementation 7 of HACT in the country * HACT roll-out ready by UNDAF inception

RCO and agencies supports TF in designing and implementing roll-out plan.

$10,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Strengthening national systems/capacities through HACT

Other

Gender Equality UN support to incorporation of gender equality in national planning processes (such as National Development Strategies; PRSPs; SWAPs; Joint Assistance Strategies, etc.) GWG formalised

RC helps institutionalise GWG. GWG drafts and implements ToR & workplan

$5,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Capacity development for Gender theme groups to support UNCT to respond to national priorities for gender equality.

Other

HIV/AIDS Establishment of Joint UN Team on AIDS and implementation of joint programme of support on AIDS * JUToA formalised with a focus on harm reduction and office to be set-up. JUToA drafts and implements ToR & workplan including programming to strengthen Government of Afghanistan's support/response to drug users.

JUToA helps institutionalise harm reduction policies

$10,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

UN support to the national response to AIDS through strengthening the Three Ones * Please refer to above

Please refer to above

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

HIV/AIDS in the Workplace * Please refer to above

Please refer to above

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Other

Human Rights Application of Human Right Based Approach UNDAF implementation mechanisms based on HRBA

RCO and UNCT facilitate incorporation of HRBA in UNDAF implementation mechanisms

$10,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Strengthening the capacity of UNCTs to support national human rights protection systems

Other

Common Services and Premises Planned initiatives to increase cost-effectiveness of UN operations, incl. common administrative services and common arrangements in support of programme delivery (including Joint Office initiative) OMT actively leads efforts on Common Arrangements

RCO and UNCT support OMT in more effectively performing its functions

$10,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Planned initiatives on common premises

Other (specify)

Other (specify) Other (specify) Afghan participation in UN Games. UN Afghanistan actively connects to the UN in other parts of the world

RCO and UNCT proactively support participation

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Coordination of Emergency Preparedness and Relief (WORKPLAN09)
Preparedness Coordination of emergency preparedness efforts of UNCT members and relevant humanitarian actors OCHA presence strengthened

HC leads on strengthening OCHA's role, HCT implements HAP, overall improved emergency preparedness

$5,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Relief Coordination of humanitarian operations OCHA presence strengthened

HC leads on strengthening OCHA's role

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Establishment of Humanitarian Country Team

Development of a response plan HAP in place

HCT implements HAP and engages in fund raising to ensure implementation

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Other (specify)

Advocy

Resource mobilization HAP funded

HCT raises funds for HAP

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

UN Advocacy and Resource Mobilization (WORKPLAN09)
Joint UNCT Advocacy and Communications Development/implementation of the UNCT communications/advocacy strategy & plan UNCT Communication Plan implemented

RC leads UNCT on design and implementation of CP

$0.00 $50,000.00 $0.00 $0.00

Other (specify)

Joint UNCT Resource Mobilization Strategy Development/implementation of RM strategy UN Common Fund

RCO facilitates preparations for UNCF

$0.00 $0.00 $20,000.00 $0.00

Other (specify)

Security Management (WORKPLAN09)
Security Duty station specific security risk assessment (SRA) for all locations in the country where UN staff are present

Implementation of mitigating measures as identified in SRA

Other

Up to date security plan

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Security Management Team SMT works consistently to ensure staff safety

UNCT can continue to operate effectively despite deteriorating security environment

$2,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Implementation of security training for staff

Non-Resident UN Agencies (WORKPLAN09)
Special measures to integrate non-resident UN agencies in UNCT processes Supporting the Involvement of non-resident UN agencies in the national strategic planning processes/ UN programming Non-resident agencies involved in UNDAF formulation and implementation as well as UNCT initiatives.

Non-resident agencies provide substantive input to the UNDAF. Visits, teleconferences and briefings for UNCT and other partners take place. Committment of funding for in-country programming.

$20,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Other (specify)

Coordination Capacity of the UNCT (WORKPLAN09)
Strengthening UNCT Coordination Capacity RCO Staffing P5 recruited, recruitment for other positions conducted

P5, two P3 and one P2 on board.

$20,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Materials/Equipment UNCT consistently supported with needed materials

UNCT meetings held weekly, workshops, trainings and retreats held successfully.

$0.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Training of UN staff UN Head of Agencies and staff better to implement UN Reform.

HRBA training and programming retreats.

$8,000.00 $0.00 $0.00 $0.00

Other (specify)


TOTAL $200,000.00 $100,000.00 $100,000.00 $0.00