United Nations Development Group Delivering Together for Development
Results-based Management

Results-based management is a strategic management approach. UNCTs use it with partners to plan, cost, implement, monitor and measure the changes from cooperation, rather than just the inputs provided or activities conducted. Using RBM, the UNCT ensures that its cash, supply and technical assistance contribute to a logical chain of results that increase in complexity and ambition as you rise up the chain: outputs, outcomes and impacts which are MD/MDG related national priorities. RBM depends on critical assumptions about the programme environment and risk assessments, clearly defined accountabilities and indicators for results, and performance monitoring and reporting.

RBM is one of the five core programming principles that must be applied when preparing an UNDAF. RBM helps to ensure accountability by offering a process and structure to formulate results and to manage for their achievement. It focuses time and resources on the achievement of UNDAF results, planned together with stakeholders, and on the basis of the country analysis. For more guidance on the UNDAF and the five programming principles please visit www.undg.org/undaf.

Policy and Guidance
Tools and Training
Examples and Experiences
Other Resource Material

Policy and Guidance

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UNDG Results-based Management Handbook
October 2011
Harmonizing RBM concept and approaches for improved development results at country level. Endorsed by the UNDG RBM task Team and incorporating comments from UNDAF Programming Network
UNDG Results-based Management Handbook - Spanish
RBM Action Plan - Endorsed UNDG January 2009
January 2009
UNDG Results-Based Management Terminology
June 2003
UNDG Results Based Management Terminology from OECD/DAC Glossary of Key Terms in Evaluation and Results-Based Management 2002
UNEG Handbook for the Evaluation of Normative Work in the UN System
February 2014
The purpose of this handbook is to guide UN organizations in conducting evaluations of normative work.
Tools and Training

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UPDATED RBM Technical Briefs on Outcomes, Outputs, Indicators, and Assumptions & Risks
February 2011
This file includes the technical briefs on outcomes, outputs, indicators and assumptions & risks as updated in February 2011. This is an informal note and has not been approved by the UNDG and serves as an information note for RBM efforts in the UNDAF framework.
Issues Note: Results Based Management in UNDAFs
by: Task Team 1 of Working Group of Programming Policy
October 2007
This note draws mainly on the 2006 ODI desk review as well as the review of various recent UNDAFs by members of the TT 1. It is meant as a platform to work towards a shared understanding, highlighting the key issues of concern from a policy angle. This note should be seen as a ‘living document’ to be regularly updated through feedback. Therefore, please kindly provide your comments through the Coordination Practice Network or other channels. Using real life examples from existing UNDAFs the paper discusses the key RBM issues identified as: 1. UNCT accountability at output level 2. Contribution to national priorities 3. Internal logic of the results chain 4. M & E Plans: Quality of indicators 5. Analysis of risks and assumptions 6. Addressing cross cutting issues
RBM Study - Addressing Systemic Challenges
2 September 2008
Yemen: Linking Rights Based Approach to Results Based Management
by: Abdul Alim
This one page document attempts to define terminology that is now recommended to be used taking a rights based approach within the results based management framework. It clarifies the links between them
Examples and Experiences

UNSSC Online Results Matrices
by: UNSSC
This is a searchable database of results matrices from recent UNDAFs, organized by elements of the MD and the 8 MDGs.
Other Resource Material

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Mapping and Analysis of UN Agency Annual Reports
May 2009
Glossary of Key Terms in Evaluation and Results Based Management
by: OECD/DAC
2002